Predictive value of Tc-99m galactosyl human serum albumin liver SPECT on the assessment of functional recovery after partial hepatectomy: a comparison with CT volumetry.
ABSTRACT Predicting liver functional reserve is important before partial hepatectomy. However, it is difficult to predict using morphologic imaging modalities, such as CT and MRI. In this study, we assess the usefulness of galactosyl human serum albumin (GSA) scintigraphy in predicting liver function recovery.
We performed 99mTc-GSA scintigraphy before operation in 56 patients. Each patient was administered 185 MBq of 99mTc-GSA by intravenous injection. Serial images were taken immediately after the administration for 40 min. SPECT images were obtained to make a functional map. We calculated the functioning parameter residual GSA-Rmax (GSA-RL) using analysis software developed by Dr.N. Shuke. In addition, we compared GSA-RL with the morphological parameter residual liver volume (RLV-CT) calculated by conventional CT and serum albumin (Alb) or cholinesterase (ChE). We analyzed the correlation between imaging parameters and the postoperative recovery periods of serum albumin (r-Alb) and cholinesterase (r-ChE) and the values at 1 and 3 months for serum albumin (1M-Alb, 3M-Alb) and cholinesterase (1M-ChE, 3M-ChE).
We found significant correlations between GSARL and r-Alb, r-ChE, 1M-Alb, 3M-Alb, 1M-ChE and 3M-ChE, but not between RLV-CT and the same parameters.
The GSA-RL calculated by 99mTc GSASPECT was a useful parameter for predicting postoperative liver function recovery that should be implemented before partial hepatectomy.