Hesperidin alleviates doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in rats

The Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt.
Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute 06/2009; 21(2):175-84.
Source: PubMed


Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of several tumors but its cardiac toxicity prevents its use at a maximum dose, representing an important problem. Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and imbalance in nitric oxide (NO) production have been implicated in the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin. Hesperidin is a citrus bioflavonoid that possesses a potent antioxidant and NO modulating activities.
Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective role of hesperidin against doxorubicin-induced cardiac toxicity.
Four groups of animals were used in this study. First group served as a control and injected with the vehicle. Second group was given 200 mg/kg of hesperidin orally for seven consecutive days. The third group was injected with a single dose (20 mg/kg) of doxorubicin intraperitoneally and was sacrificed after 48 h. The fourth group was treated with hesperidin for seven days but on day five, 1-hour after hesperidin treatment, rats were injected with the single dose of doxorubicin. On day seven, the rats were scarified by decapitation. Blood was collected and processed for determination of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) and NO. The hearts were removed and processed for both histopathological examination and determination of oxidative stress parameters like reduced glutathione (GSH), lipid peroxide (TBARS) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity.
Our results showed that doxorubicin produced severe cardiotoxicity as indicated from increase in serum LDH, CK activities and NO level. Histopathological examination of DOX-treated rats revealed degenerative changes in heart tissues. The significant decrease in GSH levels, SOD activity and increase in TBARS levels, indicated that DOX-induced cardiotoxicity was mediated through ROS generation. On the other hand, pretreatment of rats with hesperidin protected cardiac tissues against the cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin as evidenced from amelioration of histopathological changes and normalization of cardiac biochemical parameters.
Hesperidin may have a protective effect against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.

Download full-text


Available from: Ihab T. Abdel-Raheem, Dec 25, 2013
122 Reads
  • Source
    • "This was shown by a decrease in the intensity of brown color on the cell membrane compared to doxorubicin single tratment. This is consistent with previous studies that flavonoids including hesperidin can be located as a substrate of Pgp on adenosine triphosphate binding site, so that the expression of Pgp will be decreased [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate of hesperidin to overcome resistance of doxorubicin in MCF-7 resistant doxorubicin cells (MCF-7/Dox) in cytotoxicity apoptosis and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression in combination with doxorubicin. Methods: The cytotoxic properties, 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) and its combination with doxorubicin in MCF-7 cell lines resistant to doxorubicin (MCF-7/Dox) cells were determined using MTT assay. Apoptosis induction was examined by double staining assay using ethidium bromide-acridine orange. Immunocytochemistry assay was performed to determine the level and localization of Pgp. Results: Single treatment of hesperidin showed cytotoxic activity on MCF-7/Dox cells with IC50 value of 11 µmol/L. Thus, combination treatment from hesperidin and doxorubicin showed addictive and antagonist effect (CI>1.0). Hesperidin did not increase the apoptotic induction, but decreased the Pgp expressions level when combined with doxorubicin in low concentration. Conclusions: Hesperidin has cytotoxic effect on MCF-7/Dox cells with IC50 of 11 µmol/L. Hesperidin did not increased the apoptotic induction combined with doxorubicin. Co-chemotherapy application of doxorubicin and hesperidin on MCF-7/Dox cells showed synergism effect through inhibition of Pgp expression.
    Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 03/2014; 4(3):228-33. DOI:10.1016/S2221-1691(14)60236-7
  • Phytotherapie 06/2013; 11(3). DOI:10.1007/s10298-013-0785-7
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used analgesic and antipyretic drug, but at high dose it leads to undesirable side effects, such as hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. The present study demonstrates the comparative hepatoprotective and nephroprotective activity of hesperidin (HD), a naturally occurring bioflavonoid against APAP induced toxicity. APAP induces hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity as was evident by abnormal deviation in the levels of antioxidant enzymes. Moreover, APAP induced renal damage by inducing apoptotic death and inflammation in renal tubular cells, manifested by an increase in the expression of caspase-3, caspase-9, NFkB, iNOS, Kim-1 and decrease in Bcl-2 expression. These results were further supported by the histopathological examination of kidney. All these features of APAP toxicity were reversed by the co-administration of HD. Therefore, our study favors the view that HD may be a useful modulator in alleviating APAP induced oxidative stress and toxicity.
    Toxicology Letters 11/2011; 208(2):149-61. DOI:10.1016/j.toxlet.2011.10.023 · 3.26 Impact Factor
Show more