Dynamic gene expression of GH/PRL-family hormone receptors in gill and kidney during freshwater-acclimation of Mozambique tilapia.
ABSTRACT In teleosts, prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) act at key osmoregulatory tissues to regulate hydromineral balance. This study was aimed at characterizing patterns of expression for genes encoding receptors for the GH/PRL-family of hormones in the gill and kidney of Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) during freshwater (FW)-acclimation. Transfer of seawater (SW)-acclimated tilapia to FW elicited rapid and sustained increases in plasma levels and pituitary gene expression of PRL177 and PRL188; plasma hormone and pituitary mRNA levels of GH were unchanged. In the gill, PRL receptor 1 (PRLR1) mRNA increased markedly after transfer to FW by 6h, while increases in GH receptor (GHR) mRNA were observed 48 h and 14 d after the transfer. By contrast, neither PRLR2 nor the somatolactin receptor (SLR) was responsive to FW transfer. Paralleling these endocrine responses were marked increases in branchial gene expression of a Na+/Cl- cotransporter and a Na+/H+ exchanger, indicators of FW-type mitochondrion-rich cells (MRCs), at 24 and 48 h after FW transfer, respectively. Expression of Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransporter, an indicator of SW-type MRCs, was sharply down-regulated by 6h after transfer to FW. In kidney, PRLR1, PRLR2 and SLR mRNA levels were unchanged, while GHR mRNA was up-regulated from 6h after FW transfer to all points thereafter. Collectively, these results suggest that the modulation of the gene expression for PRL and GH receptors in osmoregulatory tissues represents an important aspect of FW-acclimation of tilapia.
Article: Estrogenic compounds decrease growth hormone receptor abundance and alter osmoregulation in Atlantic salmon.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Exposure of Atlantic salmon smolts to estrogenic compounds is shown to compromise several aspects of smolt development. We sought to determine the underlying endocrine mechanisms of estrogen impacts on the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis. Smolts in freshwater (FW) were either injected 3 times over 10days with 2μgg(-1) 17β-estradiol (E2) or 150μgg(-1) 4-nonylphenol (NP). Seawater (SW)-acclimated fish received intraperitoneal implants of 30μgg(-1) E2 over two weeks. Treatment with these estrogenic compounds increased hepatosomatic index and total plasma calcium. E2 and NP reduced maximum growth hormone binding by 30-60% in hepatic and branchial membranes in FW and SW, but did not alter the dissociation constant. E2 and NP treatment decreased plasma levels of IGF-I levels in both FW and SW. In FW E2 and NP decreased plasma GH whereas in SW plasma GH increased after E2 treatment. Compared to controls, plasma chloride concentrations of E2-treated fish were decreased 5.5mM in FW and increased 10.5mM in SW. There was no effect of NP or E2 on gill sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase) activity in FW smolts, whereas E2 treatment in SW reduced gill Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity and altered the number and size of ionocytes. Our data indicate that E2 downregulates the GH/IGF-I-axis and SW tolerance which may be part of its normal function for reproduction and movement into FW. We conclude that the mechanism of endocrine disruption of smolt development by NP is in part through alteration of the GH/IGF-I axis via reduced GH receptor abundance.General and Comparative Endocrinology 08/2012; 179(2):196-204. · 3.27 Impact Factor