Human urine-derived stem cells seeded in a modified 3D porous small intestinal submucosa scaffold for urethral tissue engineering.
ABSTRACT The goal of this study was to determine whether urothelial cells (UC) and smooth muscle cells (SMC) derived from the differentiation of urine-derived stem cells (USC) could be used to form engineered urethral tissue when seeded on a modified 3-D porous small intestinal submucosa (SIS) scaffold. Cells were obtained from 12 voided urine samples from 4 healthy individuals. USC were isolated, characterized and induced to differentiate into UC and SMC. Fresh SIS derived from pigs was decellularized with 5% peracetic acid (PAA). Differentiated UC and SMC derived from USC were seeded onto SIS scaffolds with highly porous microstructure in a layered co-culture fashion and cultured under dynamic conditions for one week. The seeded cells formed multiple uniform layers on the SIS and penetrated deeper into the porous matrix during dynamic culture. USC that were induced to differentiate also expressed UC markers (Uroplakin-III and AE1/AE3) or SMC markers (α-SM actin, desmin, and myosin) after implantation into athymic mice for one month, and the resulting tissues were similar to those formed when UC and SMC derived from native ureter were used. In conclusion, UC and SMC derived from USC could be maintained on 3-D porous SIS scaffold. The dynamic culture system promoted 3-D cell-matrix ingrowth and development of a multilayer mucosal structure similar to that of native urinary tract tissue. USC may serve as an alternative cell source in cell-based tissue engineering for urethral reconstruction or other urological tissue repair.
- SourceAvailable from: Haiyan Li[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Human urine-derived stem cells (USCs) have great application potential for cytotherapy as they can be obtained by non-invasive and simple methods. Silicate bioceramics, including calcium silicate (CS), can stimulate osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. However, the effects of silicate bioceramics on osteogenic differentiation of USCs have not been reported. In this study, at first, we investigated the effects of CS ion extracts on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of USCs, as well as the related mechanism. CS particles were incorporated into poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) to obtain PLGA/CS composite scaffolds. USCs were then seeded onto these scaffolds, which were subsequently transplanted into nude mice to analyze the osteogenic differentiation of USCs and mineralization of extracellular matrix formed by USCs in vivo. The results showed that CS ion extracts significantly enhanced cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium deposition, and expression of certain osteoblast-related genes and proteins. In addition, cardamonin, a Wnt/β-catenin signaling inhibitor, reduced the stimulatory effects of CS ion extracts on osteogenic differentiation of USCs, indicating that the observed osteogenic differentiation of USCs induced by CS ion extracts involves Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Furthermore, histological analysis showed that PLGA/CS composite scaffolds significantly enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of USCs in vivo. Taken together, these results suggest the therapeutic potential of combining USCs and PLGA/CS scaffolds in bone tissue regeneration. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Biomaterials 07/2015; 55. DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.03.029 · 8.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The treatment options for patients requiring repair of a long segment of the urethra are limited by the availability of autologous tissues. We previously reported that acellular collagen-based tubularized constructs seeded with cells are able to repair small urethral defects in a rabbit model. OBJECTIVE: We explored the feasibility of engineering clinically relevant long urethras for surgical reconstruction in a canine preclinical model. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Autologous bladder epithelial and smooth muscle cells from 15 male dogs were grown and seeded onto preconfigured collagen-based tubular matrices (6cm in length). The perineal urethral segment was removed in 21 male dogs. Urethroplasties were performed with tubularized collagen scaffolds seeded with cells in 15 animals. Tubularized constructs without cells were implanted in six animals. Serial urethrography and three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) scans were performed pre- and postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, and 12 mo. The animals were euthanized at their predetermined time points (three animals at 1 mo, and four at 3, 6, and 12 mo) for analyses. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Statistical analysis of CT imaging and histology was not needed. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: CT urethrograms showed wide-caliber urethras without strictures in animals implanted with cell-seeded matrices. The urethral segments replaced with acellular scaffolds collapsed. Gross examination of the urethral implants seeded with cells showed normal-appearing tissue without evidence of fibrosis. Histologically, an epithelial cell layer surrounded by muscle fiber bundles was observed on the cell-seeded constructs, and cellular organization increased over time. The epithelial and smooth muscle phenotypes were confirmed using antibodies to pancytokeratins AE1/AE3 and smooth muscle-specific desmin. Formation of an epithelial cell layer occurred in the unseeded constructs, but few muscle fibers formed. CONCLUSIONS: Cell-seeded tubularized collagen scaffolds can be used to repair long urethral defects, whereas scaffolds without cells lead to poor tissue development and strictures. This study demonstrates that long tissue-engineered tubularized urethral segments may be used for urethroplasty in patients.European Urology 07/2012; 63(3). DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2012.07.041 · 12.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Urine-derived stem cells (USCs) have the ability to differentiate into osteogenic lineage. Previous studies have raised the possibility that USCs could be used for bone repair. To harness the power of USCs in promoting bone regeneration, methods must be developed to induce USCs to osteogenic lineage efficiently. The present study investigates the effect of lentivirus-encoded bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) gene transduction on the osteogenic potential of USCs. USCs were isolated from voided urine and transduced with Lentiviral vector encoding BMP2. An in vitro study was performed to detect Lentiviral-BMP2 transduced USCs differentiated towards osteogenic lineage. Furthermore, Lentiviral-BMP2 transduced USCs were transplanted in vivo to examine the ectopic bone formation ability. After six weeks, retrieval samples were obtained for immunostaining and histological analysis. The results showed that the transduction efficiencies were over 90%, and transduced USCs had high expression levels of the BMP2 gene and secreted BMP2 protein. Alkaline activity and mineral deposition staining demonstrated that transduced USCs differentiate into osteogenic lineages without the addition of osteogenic supplements. Transduced USCs also showed high expression of bone-related markers, including runt-related protein-2 (Runx2) and osteocalcin (OCN), confirming this lentiviral-BMP2 construct provides sufficient stimuli for osteogenic differentiation. Histological analysis indicated that the transduced USCs induced robust new bone formation in nude mice. Six weeks after transplantation, human derived cells were observed to participate in bone formation. These results demonstrate that BMP2 gene transduction provides an effective method to enhance the osteogenic potential of USCs.Stem Cell Research & Therapy 01/2015; 6(1):5. DOI:10.1186/scrt539 · 4.63 Impact Factor