Prevalence and factors associated with home care among older adults
ABSTRACT To estimate the prevalence of home care among older adults and to identify associated factors.
Population-based cross-sectional study including 598 individuals aged > 60 years. Subjects were selected through a two-stage cluster sampling strategy in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, between 2007 and 2008. Home care was defined as a positive answer to the following question: "Do you have someone here in your home to take care of you?" Data on potential associated factors for home care were collected using a standardized questionnaire. Poisson regression models with robust variance were used in the crude and in the adjusted analyses. The analysis took into account the clustering of the sample.
The prevalence of home care was 49.5% (95%CI: 44.5;54.5). Among those who have a caretaker, 39.5% reported to be cared for by their spouse, while 4.7% of subjects reported having a professional caretaker. In the adjusted analysis, home care was positively associated with male sex, having a partner, increased age and disability for instrumental activities of daily living. Home care was inversely associated with schooling and physical activity levels.
The high prevalence of home care observed may overburden family members responsible for the most of the care provided. These findings are important for the planning of health interventions aimed the assistance of the elderly and their families. Particular attention should be paid to individuals with advanced age, low educational level and with disability for activities instrumental to daily living.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Elaine Thumé, Feb 10, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Estimating the life expectancy with and without cognitive impairment in an older adult population is critical for understanding the burden of illness on individuals and their families, the health care system, and society at large. This paper presents and compares estimates of life expectancy with and without cognitive impairment for the noninstitutionalized population ages 60 years and older in São Paulo, Brazil, for the years 2000 and 2010. Life expectancy with and without cognitive impairment was calculated using the Sullivan method and prevalence estimates from data collection at two points (2000 and 2010) of the Health, Well-Being, and Aging (SABE) Study. Results indicate that 60-year-old men in São Paulo in 2000 could expect to live 14.8 years and women 17.9 years without cognitive impairment. By 2010, life expectancy without cognitive impairment had increased to 17.1 years for men and 20.0 years for women. Length of life with cognitive impairment differed by gender (2.3 years for men and 3.7 years for women at age 60 in 2010). However, the absolute number of years with cognitive impairment remained relatively constant with age. The results indicate a trend for improvements in life expectancy without cognitive impairment over time in São Paulo. Adults in Brazil still face many years of cognitive impairment in their older years, particularly when compared with estimates from developed countries.Archives of gerontology and geriatrics 10/2013; 58(2). DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2013.10.007 · 1.53 Impact Factor