Screening of Breast Cancer - an Eternal Discussion Revisited?

Breast Care (Impact Factor: 0.63). 01/2010; 5(2):119-120.
Source: PubMed


New recommendations on screening for breast cancer in the USA recently presented by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and the Society of Breast Imaging and American Council of Radiologists (ACR) provoke some concerns about the optimal screening strategy for breast cancer. USPSTF recommendations published in November 2009 do not recommend screening mammography in women younger than 50 years old because of high false-positive rates and low effects on mortality and vote against self examination of the breast because of lacking evidence for survival benefit from randomized trials. Nevertheless, the ACR guidelines published two months later strongly support the beginning of screening mammography by the age of 40.We asked Dr. Kettritz whether the new recommendation from the USA might have impact on the clinical routine in Europe?Oleg Gluz and Cornelia Liedtke.

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    • "On the other hand, if the screening methods for certain types of cancers are not quite effective then one may or may not be able to detect significant correlation between WI and the ratio of metastatic to non-metastatic cancer cases. Recently, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force no longer recommends screening mammography in women younger than 50 years old [21] because of high false-positive rates and low effects on mortality in spite of its widespread use [22]. Similarly, "despite widespread adoption of PSA testing, however, it remains controversial. "
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated that cancer registrations and hospital discharge rate are closely correlated with census data-based socioeconomic deprivation indices. We hypothesized that communities with higher degrees of socioeconomic deprivation tend to have a higher ratio of metastatic to non-metastatic cancer cases (lung, breast, prostate, female genital system, colorectal cancers or all types of cancers combined). In this study, we investigate the potential link between this ratio and the Wellbeing Index (WI) among Texas counties. Cancer data in 2000 were provided by the Texas Cancer Registry, while data on the ten socioeconomic variables among the 254 Texas counties in 2000 for building the WI were obtained from U.S. Census Bureau. The ten socioeconomic status variables were subjected to the principal component analysis, and the first principal component scores were grouped into deciles for the WI (1 to 10) and the 254 Texas counties were classified into 10 corresponding groups. Weighted linear regression analyses and a Cochran-Armitage trend test were performed to determine the relationship between the ratio of age-adjusted metastatic to non-metastatic cancer incidence cases and WI. The ratios of metastatic to non-metastatic cases of female genital system cancer (r2 = 0.84, p = 0.0002), all-type cancers (r2= 0.73, p = 0.0017) and lung cancer (r2= 0.54, p = 0.0156) at diagnosis were positively correlated with WI. The ratios of metastatic to non-metastatic cases of all-type, female genital system and lung cancers at diagnosis were statistically correlated with socioeconomic deprivation. Potential mediators for the correlation warrant further investigation in order to reduce health disparities associated with socioeconomic inequality.
    International Journal of Health Geographics 02/2011; 10(1):12. DOI:10.1186/1476-072X-10-12 · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To assess findings of mammography of and interventions resulting from breast cancer screening in women aged 40-49 years with no increased risk (typical risk) of breast cancer. METHODS This cross-sectional study evaluated women aged 40-49 years who underwent mammography screening in a mastology reference center in Recife, PE, Northeastern Brazil, between January 2010 and October 2011. Women with breast-related complaints, positive findings in the physical examination, or high risk of breast cancer were excluded. RESULTS The 1,000 mammograms performed were classified into the following Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) categories BI-RADS 0, 232; BI-RADS 1, 294; BI-RADS 2, 294; BI-RADS 3, 16; BI-RADS 4A, 2; BI-RADS 5, 1. There was one case of grade II invasive ductal carcinoma and various interventions, including 469 ultrasound scans, 53 referrals to mastologists, 11 cytological examinations, and 8 biopsies. CONCLUSIONS Mammography screening in women aged 40-49 years with typical risk of breast cancer led to the performance of other interventions. However, it also resulted in increased costs without demonstrable efficacy in decreasing mortality.
    Revista de Saúde Pública 12/2014; 48(6):931-939. DOI:10.1590/S0034-8910.2014048005349 · 0.73 Impact Factor


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