Oral health and treatment needs of institutionalized chronic psychiatric patients in Istanbul, Turkey.
ABSTRACT To assess the oral health status and treatment needs in a group of hospitalized chronic psychiatric patients.
The dental status was assessed using the DMFT index. Demographic and medical data were retrieved from the institutional clinical files.
491 patients were examined in the study. 258 (52.5%) of the patients were males. The mean age was 52.3 +/- 12.3 years and the average length of hospitalization was 17.5 years. The majority of the patients (69%) were diagnosed with schizophrenia. The mean DMFT was 19.25 +/- 7.85. Missing teeth (81.4%) comprised the largest proportion of the DMFT while filled teeth (0.5%) the smallest. 18.1% of the DMFT consisted of decayed teeth. Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that the DMFT significantly increased with age (p < 0.001) and was significantly higher in schizophrenia patients than those with mental retardation (p < 0.01). Males had significantly higher decayed teeth (p < 0.01) and fewer missing teeth (p < 0.01) than females. 58 dentate subjects (14.4%) were caries free. Two hundred and thirty five patients (58.5%) required restorative care, the mean number of treatments required per patient was 1.42 +/- 1.82. Eighty-nine subjects (18.1%) were found to be completely edentulous with only 17 wearing complete dentures. 70.6% of dentate patients needed tooth extraction for caries and 36.1% for periodontal disease.
The findings of this study demonstrate poor oral health status with extensive unmet dental and prosthetic needs. These underline the urgent need for specific preventive oral health programme to improve the dental care of these chronic psychiatric inpatients.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: To study the dental status and treatment needs of institutionalized older adults with chronic mental illness compared to a non-psychiatric control sample. Study Design: The sample size was 100, in which 50 were psychogeriatric patients (study group; SG) classified according to DSM-IV, with a mean age of 69.6 ± 6.7 years, and 50 non-psychiatric patients (control group; CG), with a mean age of 68.3 ± 6.9 years. Clinical oral health examinations were conducted and caries were recorded clinically using the Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth Index (DMFT). Results were analyzed statistically using the Student’s t-test or analysis of variance. Results: Caries prevalence was 58% and 62% in SG and CG, respectively. DMFT index was 28.3 ± 6.6 in SG and 21.4 ± 6.07 in CG (p < 0.01). Mean number of decayed teeth was higher in SG (3.1) compared to CG (1.8) (p=0.047). Mean number of missing teeth were 25.2 and 16.4 in SG and CG respectively (p<0.05). DMFT scores were higher in SG in all the age groups (p < 0.01). Mean number of teeth per person needing treatment was 3.4 in SG and 1.9 in CG (p= 0.037). The need for restorative dental care was significantly lower in the SG (0.8 teeth per person) than in the CG (1.7 teeth per person) (p = 0.043). Conclusions: Institutionalized psychiatric patients have significantly worse dental status and more dental treatment needs than non-psychiatric patients. Key words:Gerodontology, oral health, older adult, psychiatric patients, schizophrenia.Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal 12/2012; 18(1). DOI:10.4317/medoral.18332 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) are at risk for dental disease and face substantial challenges in accessing both routine and preventive dental services. In terms of unmet needs it ranks third, following residential services and employment opportunities for this particular group of people. Poorer oral health status negatively impacts overall health and one's quality of life. Factors contributing to this problem include significantly higher rates of dental caries, periodontal disease, poor oral hygiene, low expectations, fear of treatment, and lack of awareness among individuals and carers. Additional factors include problems accessing dental care or denial of services because of inadequate education and clinical training, inappropriate bias, or inadequate levels of compensation to providers. Strategies to improve service delivery include individualized and coordinated care services, education of individuals, carers, and providers, including both classroom and clinical experiences with special needs patients in dental programs.02/2012; 2012:860692. DOI:10.1155/2012/860692
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ABSTRACT: Clinical relevance of dental caries is often underestimated in patients with schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to examine dental caries and to identify clinical and demographic variables associated with poor dental condition in patients with schizophrenia. Inpatients with schizophrenia received a visual oral examination of their dental caries, using the decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index. This study was conducted in multiple sites in Japan, between October and December, 2010. A univariate general linear model was used to examine the effects of the following variables on the DMFT score: age, sex, smoking status, daily intake of sweets, dry mouth, frequency of daily tooth brushing, tremor, the Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia Overall severity score, and the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale for Geriatrics score. 523 patients were included in this study (mean ± SD age = 55.6 ± 13.4 years; 297 men). A univariate general linear model showed significant effects of age group, smoking, frequency of daily tooth brushing, and tremor (all p's < 0.001) on the DMFT score (Corrected Model: F(23, 483) = 3.55, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.42) . In other words, older age, smoking, tremor burden, and less frequent tooth brushing were associated with a greater DMFT score. Given that poor dental condition has been related with an increased risk of physical co-morbidities, physicians should be aware of patients' dental status, especially for aged smoking patients with schizophrenia. Furthermore, for schizophrenia patients who do not regularly brush their teeth or who exhibit tremor, it may be advisable for caregivers to encourage and help them to perform tooth brushing more frequently.BMC Oral Health 08/2012; 12:32. DOI:10.1186/1472-6831-12-32 · 1.15 Impact Factor