Oral health and treatment needs of institutionalized chronic psychiatric patients in Istanbul, Turkey.
ABSTRACT To assess the oral health status and treatment needs in a group of hospitalized chronic psychiatric patients.
The dental status was assessed using the DMFT index. Demographic and medical data were retrieved from the institutional clinical files.
491 patients were examined in the study. 258 (52.5%) of the patients were males. The mean age was 52.3 +/- 12.3 years and the average length of hospitalization was 17.5 years. The majority of the patients (69%) were diagnosed with schizophrenia. The mean DMFT was 19.25 +/- 7.85. Missing teeth (81.4%) comprised the largest proportion of the DMFT while filled teeth (0.5%) the smallest. 18.1% of the DMFT consisted of decayed teeth. Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that the DMFT significantly increased with age (p < 0.001) and was significantly higher in schizophrenia patients than those with mental retardation (p < 0.01). Males had significantly higher decayed teeth (p < 0.01) and fewer missing teeth (p < 0.01) than females. 58 dentate subjects (14.4%) were caries free. Two hundred and thirty five patients (58.5%) required restorative care, the mean number of treatments required per patient was 1.42 +/- 1.82. Eighty-nine subjects (18.1%) were found to be completely edentulous with only 17 wearing complete dentures. 70.6% of dentate patients needed tooth extraction for caries and 36.1% for periodontal disease.
The findings of this study demonstrate poor oral health status with extensive unmet dental and prosthetic needs. These underline the urgent need for specific preventive oral health programme to improve the dental care of these chronic psychiatric inpatients.
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ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the caries risk profile of patients with severe intellectual disabilities (IDs) who received dental treatment under general anesthesia. One hundred and two patients with ID [ID group, mean age (SD); 23.8(9.3)] and 100 healthy patients without ID [NID group, mean age (SD); 23.19(3.3)] were included. Medication, disability type, oral hygiene maintenance, and cooperation of the patients were investigated. Dietary habits, plaque index, mutans streptococci counts, fluoride availability, and salivary buffering were scored and analyzed using the Cariogram. The mean chance of avoiding caries (SD) was 28.1(20.4) in the ID group and 54.7(18.4) in the NID group. The ID group had significantly higher numbers of decayed and missing teeth, but fewer filled teeth than the NID group (p < .05). Significant disparities existed in the distributions of all caries-related factors except for mutans streptococci counts between the two groups (p < .05). The low chance to avoid future caries in ID patients was closely associated with insufficient oral hygiene maintenance (p < .05). Fluoride availability was strongly associated with the chance of avoiding caries in the ID group. Dental patients with severe ID exhibited a higher risk of developing caries than normal patients. Among several caries-related factors, insufficient oral hygiene maintenance and low fluoride availability most contributed to the high risk.Special Care in Dentistry 09/2013; DOI:10.1111/scd.12047
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ABSTRACT: This study used qualitative methods to investigate barriers to and facilitators of oral health care among 25 adult community mental health outpatients with serious mental illness (SMI). Participants completed 30- to 60-min, semi-structured interviews that were recorded and transcribed. Qualitative analysis was used to characterize common themes. Results showed that lack of awareness of dental problems, poverty, and dental care access were key barriers to oral health care. When oral health care was accessed, fear of stigma was associated with missed opportunities to educate about the intersection of mental and oral health. Community mental health providers were viewed as trusted and important sources of advocacy and support for obtaining oral health care when needed. Oral health may be improved for persons with SMI by implementing education in points of frequent service contact, such as community mental health.Community Mental Health Journal 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10597-014-9758-z · 1.03 Impact Factor
04/2013; 15(4):371-372. DOI:10.5812/ircmj.1892