Upfront immunization with autologous recombinant idiotype Fab fragment without prior cytoreduction in indolent B-cell lymphoma.
ABSTRACT Idiotype vaccination for follicular lymphoma is primarily being developed as remission consolidation after chemotherapy. We investigated idiotype vaccination as primary intervention for treatment-naive indolent B-cell lymphoma and in a separate cohort as remission consolidation after chemotherapy to assess immunization-induced immune responses in relation to progression-free survival (German Clinical Trials Register, DRKS00000227). Twenty-one patients in each cohort received 6 intradermal injections of adjuvanted recombinant idiotype Fab fragment (Fab(Id)); 76% of patients in both groups developed anti-idiotype antibodies and/or cellular immunity as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and interferon-γ ELISpot. In treatment-naive patients, only cellular responses correlated with superior progression-free survival (P < .002) and durable objective remissions (P = .04). Immunization-induced T cells recognized hypermutated or complementarity-determining region 3 epitopes. After remission consolidation immunization, induction of anti-idiotype antibodies correlated with progression-free survival. Low B-cell counts after rituximab therapy predicted for failure to develop anti-idiotype antibodies. These results are similar to published trials showing an association of humoral immunity with control of residual lymphoma. In contrast, effective immunity against untreated lymphoma appears to be dependent on idiotype-specific T cells. Sustained remissions in patients with vaccination-induced cellular immunity suggest clinical benefit and warrant a randomized comparison of this vaccine with expectant management for asymptomatic follicular lymphoma.
- SourceAvailable from: ascopubs.org[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The common practice of comparing the survival of responders and nonresponders when reporting the results of cancer chemotherapy treatment is investigated. The usual method of comparing responders and nonresponders is biased in favor of responders, and these results are frequently misinterpreted as providing evidence that response prolongs survival, or that the treatment under study is effective. Two valid methods for comparing responders and nonresponders are discussed and recommendations are made concerning the analysis of survival by response. A comparison of survival by response category may be useful descriptively, but such a comparison should not be used for inference concerning treatment effectiveness.Journal of Clinical Oncology 12/1983; 1(11):710-9. · 18.04 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: On the initiative of the World Health Organization, two meetings on the Standardization of Reporting Results of Cancer Treatment have been held with representatives and members of several organizations. Recommendations have been developed for standardized approaches to the recording of baseline data relating to the patient, the tumor, laboratory and radiologic data, the reporting of treatment, grading of acute and subacute toxicity, reporting of response, recurrence and disease-free interval, and reporting results of therapy. These recommendations, already endorsed by a number of organizations, are proposed for international acceptance and use to make it possible for investigators to compare validly their results with those of others.Cancer 02/1981; 47(1):207-14. · 5.20 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The immunosurveillance hypothesis suggests that lymphocytes can recognize tumor-specific antigens expressed by transformed cells and initiate their elimination. Immunosurveillance implies that lymphocytes of naive phenotype can home to a tumor site and become activated by tumor-specific antigens. In this study, we have employed T-cell receptor transgenic mice as a source of naive, tumor-specific T cells. The transgenic, CD4+ T cells recognize a 91- to 101-residue fragment of the lambda 2(315) immunoglobulin light chain presented by I-Ed class II molecules. Such naive, idiotype-specific, CD4+ T cells protected against tumor development of a class II negative plasmacytoma (MOPC315) and a class II positive B lymphoma (F9), which both secrete lambda 2(315) immunoglobulin. Adoptive transfer experiments demonstrated that 2 x 10(6) lymph node cells were sufficient for protection against MOPC315. Depletion of T-cell subsets indicated that transgenic CD4+ cells were indispensable for tumor resistance. However, an additional role of CD8+ T cells is not ruled out. In contrast to the resistance against the secreting MOPC315 and F9 cells, transgenic mice were not protected against B lymphoma cells (F67), which do not secrete lambda 2(315) but express a truncated lambda 2(315) chain intracellularly. The results suggest that lambda 2(315) is processed and presented by host antigen-presenting cells, which in turn activate naive, idiotype-specific T cells.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 07/1994; 91(12):5700-4. · 9.74 Impact Factor