Neoplasia of gallbladder and biliary epithelium
ABSTRACT Diagnosis of biliary neoplasia can be challenging but is essential for the appropriate clinical management of patients. Therefore, it is important to recognize the morphologic features of the biliary neoplasms to report a correct diagnosis.
(1) To discuss the differential diagnosis of dysplasia in the gallbladder and differentiate dysplasia from reactive atypia and invasive carcinoma, (2) review the histologic features of adenoma and polypoid biliary lesions, (3) highlight the differential diagnosis of adenocarcinoma in liver biopsy, and (4) discuss the differential diagnosis of atypical biliary glandular lesions.
Current English literature related to gallbladder and biliary neoplasia.
Biliary glandular neoplasms show a wide spectrum of morphology and have many mimics. Careful examination of the histologic features of these lesions and familiarity with their morphology can help to achieve the correct diagnosis.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Flat epithelial lesions of the biliary tract cannot be detected by the image analysis, and the diagnosis entirely depends on pathological examination. The biliary tract is often affected by inflammatory conditions, and the resultant changes of the biliary epithelium make it difficult to differentiate them from neoplasia. Thus, the pathological diagnosis of biliary flat epithelial lesions can be challenging. In the biliary tract, there are several forms of intraepithelial neoplasia of the flat type, and biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN) is known as one of such lesions that represent the multistep cholangiocarcinogenesis. In this article, the diagnostic criteria and the differential diagnosis of biliary flat epithelial lesions, particularly focusing on BilIN, were presented and discussed to provide help to advance clinical and research applications of the BilIN system.Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2014; 49(1). DOI:10.1007/s00535-013-0810-5 · 4.02 Impact Factor
Article: Hepatobiliary pathology[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent studies pertaining to the histopathology of the liver and biliary tract are reviewed. Several studies are reviewed which describe the histologic features and clinical behavior of 'plasma cell hepatitis' in the posttransplant setting. Cytokeratin 7, EMA, and CD68 were found to be useful immunohistochemical stains in fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma and may aid in the distinction between this variant and classic hepatocellular carcinoma. Arginase-1, another immunohistochemical stain, was found to have improved sensitivity over HepPar-1 in the diagnosis of classic hepatocellular carcinoma. Metabolic syndrome is common in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and may be an indicator of more severe disease activity and fibrosis. Histologic features were described that may aid in the distinction between the steroid-responsive IgG4-associated cholangitis and the steroid-nonresponsive primary sclerosing cholangitis. In addition, immunohistochemical stains for IgM and IgG may be helpful in distinguishing between autoimmune liver diseases, with primary biliary cirrhosis and its antimitochondrial-negative variant, autoimmune cholangitis, being the two autoimmune liver diseases with a predominance of IgM-positive plasma cells. Several informative studies pertaining to hepatobiliary pathology were published this year, with topics including posttransplant plasma cell hepatitis, familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and the use of immunohistochemical stains specific for various immunoglobulin subtypes.Current opinion in gastroenterology 03/2011; 27(3):248-55. DOI:10.1097/MOG.0b013e3283457d43 · 3.66 Impact Factor
- Endoscopy 05/2012; 44 Suppl 2:E145-6. DOI:10.1055/s-0031-1291495 · 5.20 Impact Factor