United States life tables, 2006.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Centers for Disease Contorl and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Vital Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA.
National vital statistics reports: from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System 06/2010; 58(21):1-40.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES:this report presents complete period life tables by age, race, and sex for the United States based on age-specific death rates in 2006. METHODS: Data used to prepare the 2006 life tables are 2006 final mortality statistics, July 1, 2006 population estimates based on the 2000 decennial census, and 2006 Medicare data for ages 66-100. The 2006 life tables were estimated using a recently revised methodology first applied to the final annual U.S. life tables series with the 2005 edition (1). For comparability, all life tables for the years 2000-2004 were reestimated using the revised methodology and were published in an appendix of the United States Life Tables, 2005 report (1). These revised tables replace all previously published life tables for years 2000-2004. RESULTs: In 2006, the overall expectation of life at birth was 77.7 years, representing an increase of 0.3 years from life expectancy in 2005. From 2005 to 2006, life expectancy at birth increased for all groups considered. It increased for males (from 74.9 to 75.1) and females (from 79.9 to 80.2), the white (from 77.9 to 78.2) and black populations (from 72.8 to 73.2), black males (from 69.3 to 69.7) and females (from 76.1 to 76.5), and white males (from 75.4 to 75.7) and females (from 80.4 to 80.6).

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of the characteristics of Japanese patients on the long-term outcomes after aortic valve replacement with either mechanical or biological prostheses by means of a microsimulation. A microsimulation model was used to simulate the lives of patients living in Japan and in the United States after aortic valve replacement. The background mortality data taken from the 21st complete life table of Japan and the bleeding hazard determined from a meta-analysis of long-term results in Japanese institutions were used to simulate Japanese patients. The life expectancy, event-free life expectancy, and lifetime risk of structural valve degeneration were calculated. A sensitivity analysis for various bleeding hazards was performed. Regarding the event-free life expectancy, the age crossover points between the two valve types were 64-65 and 57-58 years for Japanese and American patients, respectively. Regarding the life expectancy, the age crossover points were 88-89 and 64-65 years, respectively, for Japanese and American patients. The lifetime risk of structural valve degeneration was higher in Japanese patients than in American patients. The sensitivity analysis showed that the age crossover points were sensitive to the hazard of bleeding complications. The long-term clinical outcomes after aortic valve replacement were simulated with a microsimulation model. The results indicated that the age crossover points in the advantages and disadvantages between mechanical valves and bioprostheses may be higher in Japanese patients than in American subjects.
    General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 11/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant short-term morbidity and mortality in children. However, the risk for long-term outcomes after AKI is largely unknown. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the cumulative incidence rate of proteinuria, hypertension, decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and mortality after an episode of AKI. After screening 1934 published articles from 1985-2013, we included 10 cohort studies that reported long-term outcomes after AKI in children. A total of 346 patients were included in these studies with a mean follow-up of 6.5 years (range 2-16) after AKI. The studies were of variable quality and had differing definitions of AKI with five studies only including patients who required dialysis during an AKI episode. There was a substantial discrepancy in the outcomes across these studies, most likely due to study size, disparate outcome definitions, and methodological differences. In addition, there was no non-AKI comparator group in any of the published studies. The cumulative incidence rates for proteinuria, hypertension, abnormal GFR (<90 ml/min/1.73 m2), GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, end stage renal disease, and mortality per 100 patient-years were 3.1 (95% CI 2.1-4.1), 1.4 (0.9-2.1), 6.3 (5.1-7.5), 0.8 (0.4 -1.4), 0.9 (0.6-1.4), and 3.7 (2.8-4.5) respectively. AKI appears to be associated with a high risk of long-term renal outcomes in children. These findings may have implications for care after an episode of AKI in children. Future prospective studies with appropriate non-AKI comparator groups will be required to confirm these results.
    BMC Nephrology 11/2014; 15(1):184. · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prasugrel is recommended over clopidogrel in poor/intermediate CYP2C19 metabolizers with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), reducing the risk of ischemic events. CYP2C19 genetic testing can guide antiplatelet therapy in ACS patients.
    Pharmacy practice. 07/2014; 12(3):438.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 28, 2014