cAMP response element binding protein phosphorylation in nucleus accumbens underlies sustained recovery of sensorimotor gating following repeated D₂-like receptor agonist treatment in rats.

Department of Neuroscience, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Biological psychiatry (Impact Factor: 8.93). 10/2010; 69(3):288-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.08.032
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Prepulse inhibition (PPI) is a cross-species measure of sensorimotor gating. PPI deficits are observed in humans and rats upon acute treatment with dopamine D₂-like receptor agonists and in patients with schizophrenia. Repeated treatment with a D₂-like agonist, however, reverses PPI deficits and increases cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). This study examined the short- and long-term effects on PPI of treatment with quinpirole and ropinirole, dopamine D₂/D₃ receptor agonists, and the molecular mechanism by which they occur.
PPI was assessed in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats following acute and chronic treatment with quinpirole or ropinirole and 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks after termination of repeated ropinirole treatment. Finally, the effect of dominant negative mutant cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) overexpression in the NAc on PPI following chronic quinpirole treatment was assessed.
Acute quinpirole produced dose-dependent PPI deficits, whereas ropinirole caused consistent PPI reduction at all but the highest dose. Repeated ropinirole treatment significantly increased PPI compared with acute treatment, and increased CREB phosphorylation in NAc neurons. Subsequent ropinirole challenge had no effect as long as 28 days later, at which time NAc CREB phosphorylation had normalized. Overexpression of dominant negative mutant CREB prevented PPI recovery induced by chronic quinpirole treatment.
Chronic quinpirole or ropinirole treatment produces sustained PPI recovery; CREB activity in the NAc is required to induce PPI recovery but not to maintain it. The results suggest that transcriptional regulation by CREB mediates long-lasting changes occurring within NAc circuits to promote recovery of sensorimotor gating.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic exposure to addictive drugs enhances cAMP response element binding protein (CREB)-regulated gene expression in nucleus accumbens (NAc), and these effects are thought to reduce the positive hedonic effects of passive cocaine administration. Here, we used viral-mediated gene transfer to produce short- and long-term regulation of CREB activity in NAc shell of rats engaging in volitional cocaine self-administration. Increasing CREB expression in NAc shell markedly enhanced cocaine reinforcement of self-administration behavior, as indicated by leftward (long-term) and upward (short-term) shifts in fixed ratio dose-response curves. CREB also increased the effort exerted by rats to obtain cocaine on more demanding progressive ratio schedules, an effect highly correlated with viral-induced modulation of BDNF protein in the NAc shell. CREB enhanced cocaine reinforcement when expressed either throughout acquisition of self-administration or when expression was limited to postacquisition tests, indicating a direct effect of CREB independent of reinforcement-related learning. Downregulating endogenous CREB in NAc shell by expressing a short hairpin RNA reduced cocaine reinforcement in similar tests, while overexpression of a dominant-negative CREB(S133A) mutant had no significant effect on cocaine self-administration. Finally, increasing CREB expression after withdrawal from self-administration enhanced cocaine-primed relapse, while reducing CREB levels facilitated extinction of cocaine seeking, but neither altered relapse induced by cocaine cues or footshock stress. Together, these findings indicate that CREB activity in NAc shell increases the motivation for cocaine during active self-administration or after withdrawal from cocaine. Our results also highlight that volitional and passive drug administration can lead to substantially different behavioral outcomes.
    Journal of Neuroscience 11/2011; 31(45):16447-57. · 6.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle (PPI) is deficient in several heritable brain disorders. In rats, the dopamine agonist, apomorphine (APO), reduces PPI and expression of the early gene, c-fos, within the nucleus accumbens (NAC) core. Both of these effects are greater in Sprague-Dawley (SD) vs. Long Evans (LE) rats, and this PPI strain pattern is inherited. Here, we examined phosphorylation of cyclic-AMP response element-binding protein (CREB), a putative intermediary step between dopamine receptor stimulation and Fos expression, in SD and LE rats. The effects of APO (vehicle vs. 0.5 mg/kg) on PPI were tested in SD and LE rats in a within-subject design. Seven days later, under conditions mimicking PPI testing, half of the rats from each strain received either vehicle or APO (0.5 mg/kg) 20 min before euthanasia. NAC CREB and phospho-CREB levels were quantified from tissue sections reacted immunohistochemically. APO reduced PPI in both strains, with a significantly greater effect in SD vs. LE rats. APO also significantly reduced NAC core phospho-CREB levels in both strains, with a significantly greater effect in SD vs. LE rats. Among SD rats receiving APO, the reduction in NAC core CREB phosphorylation correlated significantly with the APO-induced reduction in PPI (R = 0.49). A dose of APO that disrupts PPI of acoustic startle causes a profound suppression of CREB phosphorylation in the NAC; both dopamine-sensitive behavioral and molecular phenotypes are more robust in SD vs. LE rats, and within SD rats, they are significantly correlated.
    Psychopharmacology 03/2011; 216(3):401-10. · 3.99 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 15, 2014