The effect of Mosquito Magnet Liberty Plus trap on the human mosquito biting rate under semi-field conditions.

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College of Tumaini University, PO Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association (Impact Factor: 0.83). 09/2010; 26(3):287-94. DOI: 10.2987/09-5979.1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study evaluated the efficacy of a commercially available mosquito trap, the Mosquito Magnet Liberty Plus (MM), in reducing human biting rates under semi-field conditions when used alone or with different types of repellents. The MM trap significantly reduced the human biting rate with both laboratory-reared Culex quinquefasciatus and Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto. The MM trap catch did not increase when a mosquito coil was burned but did significantly increase when a skin repellent was applied to the human bait. Microencapsulated repellent ankle bands did not increase the MM trap catch with either Cx. quinquefasciatus or An. gambiae s.s., although its combination with the trap was more effective at reducing bites by Cx. quinquefasciatus. The absence of the commercial attractant Lurex3 in traps significantly lowered the catch efficiency of Cx. quinquefasciatus even when the skin repellent was applied to volunteers. The results from this study showed that the use of a skin repellent and an attractant-baited trap can significantly reduce the human biting rate of both nuisance biting mosquitoes and malaria vectors. Further work is required to investigate how this push-pull system would work in a field environment.

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    ABSTRACT: Malaria vector control relies on toxicity of insecticides used in long lasting insecticide treated nets and indoor residual spraying. This is despite evidence that sub-lethal insecticides reduce human-vector contact and malaria transmission. The impact of sub-lethal insecticides on host seeking and blood feeding of mosquitoes was measured. Taxis boxes distinguished between repellency and attraction inhibition of mosquitoes by measuring response of mosquitoes towards or away from Transfluthrin coils and humans. Protective effective distance of coils and long-term effects on blood feeding were measured in the semi-field tunnel and in a Peet Grady chamber. Laboratory reared pyrethroid susceptible Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto mosquitoes were used. In the taxis boxes, a higher proportion of mosquitoes (67%-82%) were activated and flew towards the human in the presence of Transfluthrin coils. Coils did not hinder attraction of mosquitoes to the human. In the semi-field Tunnel, coils placed 0.3 m from the human reduced feeding by 86% (95% CI [0.66; 0.95]) when used as a "bubble" compared to 65% (95% CI [0.51; 0.76]) when used as a "point source". Mosquitoes exposed to coils inside a Peet Grady chamber were delayed from feeding normally for 12 hours but there was no effect on free flying and caged mosquitoes exposed in the semi-field tunnel. These findings indicate that airborne pyrethroids minimize human-vector contact through reduced and delayed blood feeding. This information is useful for the development of target product profiles of spatial repellent products that can be used to complement mainstream malaria vector control tools.
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated mosquito sampling techniques with two types of traps and attractants at different time for trapping potential vectors for Rift Valley Fever virus. The study was conducted in six villages in Ngorongoro district in Tanzania from September to October 2012. A total of 1814 mosquitoes were collected, of which 738 were collected by CDC light traps and 1076 by Mosquito Magnet trapping technique. Of the collected mosquitoes, 12.46% (N= 226) were Aedes aegypti and 87.54% (N= 1588) were Culex pipiens complex. More mosquitoes were collected outdoors using Mosquito Magnets baited with octenol attractant, 36.38% (N=660) followed by indoor trapping using CDC light traps without attractant, 29.60% (N=537). Most of Ae. aegypti mosquitoes were collected outdoor using Mosquito Magnets, 95% (N=214) whereas Cx. pipiens complex were trapped both indoor using CDC light traps without attractant and outdoors using both CDC light traps baited with carbon dioxide (CO2) sachets and Mosquito Magnets. Analysis on the differences in abundance of mosquitoes trapped by different techniques using Generalized Linear Models was statistically significance at pvalue < 0.05 for both species. Three hours mosquito collections show differing patterns in activity, most Ae. aegypti species were collected primarily during the first and last quarters of the day. Cx pipiens complex was active throughout the night, early evening and early morning then decreased markedly during the day time. The results presented in this paper emphasize the possibility of using Mosquito Magnets in order to efficiently capture these potential RVF vectors.
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