PRO-MINE: A bioinformatics repository and analytical tool for TARDBP mutations

Department of Molecular Biology, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
Human Mutation (Impact Factor: 5.14). 01/2011; 32(1):E1948-58. DOI: 10.1002/humu.21393
Source: PubMed


TDP-43 is a multifunctional RNA-binding protein found to be a major protein component of intracellular inclusions found in neurodegenerative disorders such as Fronto Temporal Lobar Degeneration, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, and Alzheimer Disease. PRO-MINE (PROtein Mutations In NEurodegeneration) is a database populated with manually curated data from the literature regarding all TDP-43/TDP43/TARDBP gene disease-associated mutations identified to date. A web server interface has been developed to query the database and to provide tools for the analysis of already reported or novel TDP-43 gene mutations. As is usually the case with genetic association studies, assessing the potential impact of identified mutations is of crucial importance, and in order to avoid prediction biases it is essential to compare the prediction results. However, in most cases mutations have to be submitted separately to various prediction tools and the individual results manually merged together afterwards. The implemented web server aims to overcome the problem by providing simultaneous access to several prediction tools and by displaying the results into a single output. Furthermore, the results are displayed together in a comprehensive output for a more convenient analysis and are enriched with additional information about mutations. In addition, our web server can also display the mutation(s) of interest within an alignment of annotated TDP-43 protein sequences from different vertebrate species. In this way, the degree of sequence conservation where the mutation(s) occur can be easily tracked and visualized. The web server is freely available to researchers and can be accessed at

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Available from: Emanuele Buratti, Oct 06, 2015
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    • "Multifunctional molecules. TDP-43, an important molecule with multifunctional RNA binding functions, apparently plays an important role in several neurodegenerative disorders, including AD, by generating intracellular inclusions [97], [98]. It is normally found in the nucleus, but under pathological conditions, moves to the cytoplasm where it is ubiquitinated, phosphorylated and cleaved to generate C-terminal fragments (reviewed in [99]). "
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    ABSTRACT: The amyloid cascade hypothesis provides an economical mechanistic explanation for Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia and correlated neuropathology. However, some nonagenarian individuals (high pathology controls, HPC) remain cognitively intact while enduring high amyloid plaque loads for decades. If amyloid accumulation is the prime instigator of neurotoxicity and dementia, specific protective mechanisms must enable these HPC to evade cognitive decline. We evaluated the neuropathological and biochemical differences existing between non-demented (ND)-HPC and an age-matched cohort with AD dementia. The ND-HPC selected for our study were clinically assessed as ND and possessed high amyloid plaque burdens. ELISA and Western blot analyses were used to quantify a group of proteins related to APP/Aβ/tau metabolism and other neurotrophic and inflammation-related molecules that have been found to be altered in neurodegenerative disorders and are pivotal to brain homeostasis and mental health. The molecules assumed to be critical in AD dementia, such as soluble or insoluble Aβ40, Aβ42 and tau were quantified by ELISA. Interestingly, only Aβ42 demonstrated a significant increase in ND-HPC when compared to the AD group. The vascular amyloid load which was not used in the selection of cases, was on the average almost 2-fold greater in AD than the ND-HPC, suggesting that a higher degree of microvascular dysfunction and perfusion compromise was present in the demented cohort. Neurofibrillary tangles were less frequent in the frontal cortices of ND-HPC. Biochemical findings included elevated vascular endothelial growth factor, apolipoprotein E and the neuroprotective factor S100B in ND-HPC, while anti-angiogenic pigment epithelium derived factor levels were lower. The lack of clear Aβ-related pathological/biochemical demarcation between AD and ND-HPC suggests that in addition to amyloid plaques other factors, such as neurofibrillary tangle density and vascular integrity, must play important roles in cognitive failure.
    PLoS ONE 11/2011; 6(11):e27291. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0027291 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TDP-43, a newly described neurodegenerative protein, is of great interest to both neurologists and geneticists. At the beginning, its dysfunction was recognized in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitinated inclusions and in mixed forms. However, it was also proved that TDP-43 inclusions are in addition present in many other diseases, for example in inclusion body myositis. Furthermore, many genes and different loci may be involved in pathological TDP-43 accumulation in cells and tissues. Mutations in the TARDPB gene, progranulin gene (PGRNVCP) as well as a gene on chromosome 9p were found. The present paper is a summary on possible involvement of TDP-43 in various neurodegenerative disorders.
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    ABSTRACT: TDP-43 (TAR DNA-binding protein 43) has been identified as a key protein of ubiquitinated inclusions in brains of patients with ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) or FTLD (frontotemporal lobar degeneration), defining a new pathological disease spectrum. Recently, coding mutations have been identified in the TDP-43 gene (TARDBP), which further confirmed the pathogenic nature of the protein. Today, several animal models have been generated to gain more insight into the disease-causing pathways of the FTLD/ALS spectrum. This mini-review summarizes the current status of TDP-43 models, with a focus on mutant TDP-43.
    Biochemical Society Transactions 08/2011; 39(4):954-9. DOI:10.1042/BST0390954 · 3.19 Impact Factor
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