Acute abdominal pain: is there a potential role for MRI in the setting of the emergency department in a patient with renal calculi?
ABSTRACT Acute flank pain is a frequent clinical presentation encountered in emergency departments, and a work-up for obstructive urolithiasis in this setting is a common indication for computed tomography (CT). However, imaging alternatives to CT for the evaluation of renal colic are warranted in some clinical situations, such as younger patients, pregnancy, patients that have undergone multiple prior CT exams and also patients with vague clinical presentations. MRI, although relatively insensitive for the direct detection of urinary calculi, has the ability to detect the secondary effects of obstructive urolithiasis. Using rapid, single shot T2-weighted sequences without and with fat saturation provides an abdominopelvic MR examination that can detect the sequelae of clinically active stone disease, in addition to alternate inflammatory processes that may mimic the symptoms of renal colic. In addition, MR nephro-urography (MRNU) has the ability to provide quantitative analysis of renal function that has the potential to direct clinical management in the setting of obstructing calculi. This review describes the potential utility and limitations of MRI in the emergency setting for diagnosing causes of flank pain and renal colic, particularly in patients with unusual presentations or when an alternative to CT may be warranted.
- Academic radiology 04/2013; 20(4):391-2. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this study, the analgesic effects of dexketoprofen trometamol and meperidine hydrochloride were compared in patients diagnosed with renal colic. This study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Fifty-two patients, between the ages of 18 and 70 years who were diagnosed with renal colic, were enrolled in the study after obtaining ethics committee approval. Before drug injection, dexketoprofen trometamol and meperidine hydrochloride were placed in closed envelopes, and the patients were randomly given a single dose of intravenous infusion for 20 minutes. Severity of pain and symptoms was evaluated with the numerical rating scale and renal colic symptom score for each patient immediately before administration of drugs and 30 minutes after the end of the application. At the same time, systolic arterial blood pressure, diastolic arterial pressure, respiratory rate, heart rate, nausea, vomiting, and reactions due to drug administration were recorded before and after drug administration. In statistical methods, t test, analysis of variance, and repeated measure analysis were used for the analysis of normally distributed continuous variables and the Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis and Friedman tests were used for analysis of not-normally distributed continuous variables. In the analysis of discrete variables, the χ test was used. In both groups, a significant decrease was found in numerical rating scale values measured 30 minutes after drug administration, but the decline in dexketoprofen trometamol group (P = 0.02) was found to be more. Although a significant decrease was found in the renal colic symptom score (P < 0.001) values measured after drug administration in the dexketoprofen trometamol group, no significant decrease was found in the meperidine HCl (P = 0.058) group. After drug administration, a statistically significant decrease was found in the systolic arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate in both groups. Also, a statistically significant decrease was found in the diastolic arterial pressure in the meperidine group. But these changes in vital findings were not serious enough to disrupt patients' clinical status. With this study, we concluded that dexketoprofen trometamol, from the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug group, can be within the primary treatment options for renal colic because of better analgesic efficacy, being well tolerated by patients compared with meperidine hydrochloride.American journal of therapeutics 05/2013; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of our prospective designed study was to confirm the intra-observer agreement of assessments of the hydronephrosis index (HI) with a sonographic technique that potentially provides additional information in patients with acute renal colic (ARC). Sonographic measurement of HI and valuation of common clinical criteria were performed in 44 consecutive patients presenting with unilateral stone-related ARC. HI of colic side was recorded twice in predefined time intervals. Intra-observer agreement was evaluated with the Spearman's rank correlation/rho (ρ) for attributive-metric characteristics. Data of HI-measurement on the colic side were compared with data of the unaffected side using t test. Intra-observer agreement was significant for HI in the colic side (ρ = 0.918, p < 0.001) and in the unaffected side (ρ = 0.826, p < 0.001). The mean HI between colic and unaffected side differed significantly on the first evaluation (85.2 vs. 93.7, respectively; p < 0.001) and on the second evaluation (85.1 vs. 93.6, respectively; p < 0.001) as well. The HI method is a slightly feasible examination method in patients presenting with stone-related renal colic. Moreover, it offers a solid discrimination between obstruction and non-obstruction. Our prospective trial illustrates HI as a reproducible method with a high-grade intra-observer agreement. However, potential change of values under medical expulsive therapy and coherency with the functionality of the obstructed kidney may lead to bias and therefore remain to be analyzed. Further studies to specify exact thresholds for this method and to state our findings are required.World Journal of Urology 06/2013; · 2.89 Impact Factor