Carotid artery stenting in a patient with internal carotid artery stenosis and ipsilateral persistent primitive hypoglossal artery presenting with transient ischemia of the vertebrobasilar system: case report.
ABSTRACT A 62-year-old man experienced transient episodes of vertigo associated with left upper extremity weakness. Cerebral angiography showed 75% right internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and divergence of a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) distal to the stenosis. The area of stenosis was at a high position and he had a past medical history of congestive heart failure, which contraindicated carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Therefore, carotid artery stenting (CAS) was performed with single distal balloon protection. The stenotic area was restored and he was discharged without suffering recurrent attacks. CAS may be an effective alternative treatment to CEA to prevent further ischemic attacks in the posterior circulation in patients with PPHA. CAS using simple embolic protection devices is possible if the distance between the distal end of the ICA stenosis and the origin of the PPHA is sufficiently long.
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ABSTRACT: A patient with transient ischemic symptoms in the carotid and vertebrobasilar distribution is reported. His arteriogram demonstrated a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery which in part may explain the clinical picture. The embryology, radiology, clinical manifestations, and surgical considerations of this rare anomaly are discussed.Stroke 01/1980; 11(6):658-60. · 6.16 Impact Factor
- Journal of Vascular Surgery 08/1995; 22(1):120-2. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fetal anastomotic connections between the developing internal carotid and basilar arterial systems are via the three presegmental arteries: the otic artery, the hypoglossal artery, and the trigeminal artery. After formation of the posterior communicating artery from the caudal branch of the internal carotid artery, the presegmental arteries are generally obliterated. Rarely, however, these primitive carotid-basilar anastomoses will persist into adult life, and may be detected as incidental findings at the time of cerebral angiography during evaluation of the patient with suspected cerebrovascular disease. In addition, persistence of such anastomoses may result in the coexistence of anterior and posterior circulation symptoms, precipitating diagnostic confusion. Two patients with symptoms and persistent hypoglossal artery undergoing carotid thromboendarterectomy are discussed, with emphasis on clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria and intraoperative management.Journal of Vascular Surgery 01/1995; 20(6):995-9. · 2.88 Impact Factor