Article

A pilot study on the regeneration of ferrous chelate complex in NOx scrubber solution by a biofilm electrode reactor.

Institute of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University (Yuquan Campus), Hangzhou, China.
Bioresource Technology (Impact Factor: 4.75). 10/2010; 102(3):2605-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.10.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A chemical absorption-biological reduction integrated process has been proposed for the removal of nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) from flue gases. In this study, we report a new approach using biofilm electrode reactor (BER) to regenerate Fe(II)EDTA via simultaneously reducing Fe(II)EDTA-NO and Fe(III)EDTA in NO(x) scrubber solution. Biofilm formed on the surface of the cathode was confirmed by Environmental Scan Electro-Microscope. Experimental results demonstrated that it was effective and feasible to utilize the BER to promote the reduction of Fe(II)EDTA-NO and Fe(III)EDTA simultaneously. The reduction efficiency of Fe(II)EDTA-NO and Fe(III)EDTA was up to 85% and 78%, respectively when the BER was continuously operated with electricity current at 30 mA. The absence of electricity induced an immediate decrease in reduction efficiency, indicating that the bio-regeneration of ferrous chelate complex was electrochemically accelerated. The present approach is considered advantageous for the enhanced bio-reduction in the NO(x) scrubber solution.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
94 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A promising chemical absorption-biological reduction integrated process has been proposed. A major problem of the process is oxidation of the active absorbent, ferrous ethylenediaminetetraacetate (Fe(II)EDTA), to the ferric species, leading to a significant decrease in NO removal efficiency. Thus the biological reduction of Fe(III)EDTA is vitally important for the continuous NO removal. Oxygen, an oxidizing agent and biological inhibitor, is typically present in the flue gas. It can significantly retard the application of the integrated process. This study investigated the influence mechanism of oxygen on the regeneration of Fe(II)EDTA in order to provide insight on how to eliminate or decrease the oxygen influence. The experimental results revealed that the dissolved oxygen and Fe(III)EDTA simultaneously served as electron acceptor for the microorganism. The Fe(III)EDTA reduction activity were directly inhibited by the dissolved oxygen. When the bioreactor was supplied with 3% and 8% oxygen in the gas phase, the concentration of initial dissolved oxygen in the liquid phase was 0.28 and 0.68 mg l(-1). Correspondingly, the instinct Fe(III)EDTA reduction activity of the microorganism determined under anoxic condition in a rotation shaker decreased from 1.09 to 0.84 and 0.49 mM h(-1). The oxidation of Fe(II)EDTA with dissolved oxygen prevented more dissolved oxygen access to the microorganism and eased the inhibition of dissolved oxygen on the microorganisms.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2011; 93(6):2653-9. · 3.69 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An enriched biomass was developed from municipal sewage sludge consisting of three dominant bacteria, representing the genera of Enterobacter, Citrobacter and Streptomyces. The biomass was used in a series of batch experiments in order to determine kinetic constants associated with biomass growth and NOx reduction in aqueous Ferrous EDTA/NTA solutions and Ferric EDTA/NTA solutions using ethanol as organic electron donor. The maximum specific reduction rates of NOx in Ferrous EDTA and Ferrous NTA solutions were 0.037 and 0.047mMolesL(-1)d(-1)mg(-1) biomass, respectively while in Ferric EDTA and Ferric NTA solutions were 0.022 and 0.024mMolesL(-1)d(-1)mg(-1) biomass, respectively. In case of Ferric EDTA/NTA solution, the kinetic constants associated with reduction of Ferric EDTA/NTA to Ferrous EDTA/NTA were also evaluated simultaneously. The maximum specific reduction rates of Ferric EDTA and Ferric NTA were 0.0021 and 0.0026mMolesL(-1)d(-1)mg(-1) biomass. The significance of these observations are presented and discussed in this paper.
    Bioresource Technology 12/2012; 130C:644-651. · 4.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Magnetic Fe(3)O(4)-chitosan microspheres were prepared by co-precipitating of Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) ions with NaOH in the presence of chitosan. The saturated magnetization of the resulting material was 20.0 emu/g. Then these magnetic microspheres were employed to immobilize iron-reducing bacteria to improve the biological reduction of Fe(III)EDTA(-), which was one of the key steps in nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) removal by the integrated chemical absorption-biological reduction process. The immobilized bacteria performed well on Fe(III)EDTA(-) reduction than free bacteria, even under unfavorable pH and temperatures. Furthermore, the effects of NO(2)(-), NO(3)(-), SO(3)(-), and S(2-), the potential inhibition compounds in the scrubber solution, on the reduction of Fe(III)EDTA(-) by the immobilized and free bacteria were also studied.
    Bioresource Technology 03/2012; 108:169-75. · 4.75 Impact Factor