The Qualities and Skills of Exemplary Pediatric Hospitalist Educators: A Qualitative Study

Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges (Impact Factor: 2.93). 10/2010; 85(12):1905-13. DOI: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181fa3560
Source: PubMed


To identify the qualities and skills of exemplary and ideal pediatric hospitalist educators.
The authors conducted a prospective, multi-institutional qualitative study from November 2008 through January 2009 in which they interviewed pediatric hospitalists who were identified as exemplary educators at three academic pediatric residency programs. They then conducted focus groups with residents and medical students who had recently worked with these hospitalists. Qualitative analysis was used to identify themes.
All six hospitalists identified as exemplary participated. Among invited learners, 14/18 residents (78%) and 16/18 medical students (89%) participated. Together, the participants contributed 266 comments, which the authors categorized into 36 themes within the four domains of teaching skills, personal qualities, patient care skills, and role modeling. New qualities and skills--including self-reflection/insight, encouraging autonomy, time management, knowledge acquisition, and systems knowledge--and differences in perceptions among hospitalists, residents, and students were identified. Differences between the qualities and skills of actual exemplary hospitalist educators and perceptions of those of an ideal hospitalist educator were also identified.
Pediatric hospitalists in academic residency programs have unique opportunities to significantly affect the education of medical students and residents. This study validates and expands on prior studies of the qualities and skills needed to be a successful hospitalist educator. Researchers and educators designing faculty development programs to train more successful hospitalist educators may wish to target these qualities and skills as well as the differences in medical student and resident needs.

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