Intranuclear function for protein phosphatase 2A: Pph21 and Pph22 are required for rapamycin-induced GATA factor binding to the DAL5 promoter in yeast.

Institut de Recherches Microbiologiques J.-M. Wiame, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B1070 Brussels, Belgium.
Molecular and Cellular Biology (Impact Factor: 5.04). 10/2010; 31(1):92-104. DOI: 10.1128/MCB.00482-10
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a central Tor pathway phosphatase consisting of a catalytic subunit (Pph21 or Pph22), a scaffold subunit (Tpd3), and one of two regulatory subunits (Cdc55 or Rts1), has been repeatedly shown to play important roles in cytoplasmically localized signal transduction activities. In contrast, its involvement in intranuclear control of mRNA production has heretofore not been reported. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that binding of the nitrogen catabolite repression-responsive GATA transcription activators (Gln3 and Gat1) to the DAL5 promoter and DAL5 expression require Pph21/22-Tpd3-Cdc55/Rts1 in rapamycin-treated glutamine-grown cells. This conclusion is supported by the following observations. (i) Rapamycin-induced DAL5 expression along with Gln3 and Gat1 binding to the DAL5 promoter fails to occur in pph21Δ pph22Δ, tpd3Δ, and cdc55Δ rts1Δ mutants. (ii) The Pph21/22 requirement persists even when Gat1 and Gln3 are rendered constitutively nuclear, thus dissociating the intranuclear requirement of PP2A from its partial requirement for rapamycin-induced nuclear Gat1 localization. (iii) Pph21-Myc(13) (Ppp21 tagged at the C terminus with 13 copies of the Myc epitope) weakly associates with the DAL5 promoter in a Gat1-dependent manner, whereas a similar Pph22-Myc(13) association requires both Gln3 and Gat1. Finally, we demonstrate that a pph21Δ pph22Δ double mutant is epistatic to ure2Δ for nuclear Gat1 localization in untreated glutamine-grown cells, whereas for Gln3, just the opposite occurs: i.e., ure2Δ is epistatic to pph21Δ pph22Δ. This final observation adds additional support to our previous conclusion that the Gln3 and Gat1 GATA factor localizations are predominantly controlled by different regulatory pathways.

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    ABSTRACT: Nitrogen catabolite repression (NCR) is the regulatory pathway through which Saccharomyces cerevisiae responds to the available nitrogen status and selectively utilizes rich nitrogen sources in preference to poor ones. Expression of NCR-sensitive genes is mediated by two transcription activators, Gln3 and Gat1, in response to provision of a poorly used nitrogen source or following treatment with the TORC1 inhibitor, rapamycin. During nitrogen excess, the transcription activators are sequestered in the cytoplasm in a Ure2-dependent fashion. Here, we show that Vps components are required for Gln3 localization and function in response to rapamycin treatment when cells are grown in defined yeast nitrogen base but not in complex yeast peptone dextrose medium. On the other hand, Gat1 function was altered in vps mutants in all conditions tested. A significant fraction of Gat1, like Gln3, is associated with light intracellular membranes. Further, our results are consistent with the possibility that Ure2 might function downstream of the Vps components during the control of GATA factor-mediated gene expression. These observations demonstrate distinct media-dependent requirements of vesicular trafficking components for wild-type responses of GATA factor localization and function. As a result, the current model describing participation of Vps system components in events associated with translocation of Gln3 into the nucleus following rapamycin treatment or growth in nitrogen-poor medium requires modification.
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