Management of Recurrent Airway Strictures in Lung Transplant Recipients using AERO Covered Stents
ABSTRACT The potential role of AERO tracheobronchial covered stents in the management of recurrent postinfectious strictures of the bronchus intermedius was studied in three lung transplant recipients. Six devices were inserted. Five of the stents migrated immediately on placement. Buildup of thick mucus was observed in all stents remaining in the airway for longer than 1 week. Strictures recurred in all patients 1, 3, and 5 months after stent deployment. Attempts at stent retrieval were successful for three of five devices. The use of AERO stents may not offer a therapeutic advantage versus balloon dilation of bronchus intermedius strictures in lung transplant recipients.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study was to retrospectively analyze clinical data concerning bronchostenosis or bronchial obstruction caused by endobronchial tuberculosis. Fifty-six cases were subjected to bronchoscopy and chest computed tomography to assess the prognosis of bronchostenosis and bronchial obstruction. Based on reliable and effective anti-pulmonary tuberculosis therapy, these conditions were treated sequentially by electric coagulation, cryotherapy and balloon dilation with an electronic video bronchoscope during outpatient consultation or inpatient hospitalization. Fifty-three subjects with bronchostenosis recovered to varying degrees, a recovery rate of 94.6%. Thirteen of the 15 cases with bronchial obstruction reopened (86.7%). The clinical symptoms of these cases appeared to be in remission. Bronchostenosis or bronchial obstruction resulting from endobronchial tuberculosis may be treated by electric coagulation, cryotherapy and balloon dilation with an electronic video bronchoscope.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 06/2013; 5(6):1649-1656. DOI:10.3892/etm.2013.1031 · 0.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bronchial stenosis is still a significant source of morbidity and mortality following lung transplantation (LTX) and often mandating placement of a bronchial stent. It has been suggested that although self-expanding metal stents offer excellent early palliation, their long-term complication rates are unacceptably high, and hence, their usage in many transplantation centres has been nearly abandoned. The aim of the study was to assess short- and long-term complication rates and survival in LTX patients with bronchial stenosis treated with insertion of self-expanding metal stents. From January 1997 to March 2013, 435 patients underwent LTX (325 single-LTX and 110 bilateral LTX). Of 503 actual anastomoses at risk (derived by subtracting the number of anastomoses in 30 patients who died within 30 days of LTX), 60 airway complications (11.9%) in 47 patients required self-expanding metal stent insertion. We assessed the early results and long-term outcomes and survival compared with LTX patients in whom stents were not required. The median follow-up period ranged from 1 to 132 (median 54) months. Immediate relief of symptoms was achieved in the vast majority of patients (95%). One-, three- and five-year survival in patients who required self-expanding metal stent placement were 77.7, 66.6 and 55.5%, respectively. The corresponding survival rates in LTX patients without stents were 69, 64.9 and 61.1% (P > 0.05). Self-expanding metal stents are safe and effective tools in the management of airway complications post-LTX and provide immediate improvement in symptoms and pulmonary function tests in the vast majority of cases. The long-term complication rate is low, and mortality is similar to that in LTX patients who did not require stent insertion.European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 09/2013; 45(5). DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezt458 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The airway stents restore patency in the face of luminal compromise from intrinsic and/or extrinsic pathologies. Luminal compromise beyond 50% often leads to debilitating symptoms such as dyspnea. Silicone stents remain the most commonly placed stents worldwide and have been the "gold standard" for the treatment of benign and malignant airway stenoses over the past 20 years. Nevertheless, silicone stents are not the ideal stents in all situations. Metallic stents can serve better in some selected conditions. Unlike silicone stents, there are large and increasing varieties of metallic stents available on the market. The lack of prospective or comparative studies between various types of metallic stents makes the choice difficult and expert-opinion based. International guidelines are sorely lacking in this area.Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine 01/2014; 8(2). DOI:10.1586/17476348.2014.880055