Dual plane in-line digital holographic microscopy.
ABSTRACT We report a dual plane in-line digital holographic microscopy technique that exploits the method of subtraction of average intensity of the entire hologram to suppress the zero-order diffracted wave. Two interferograms are recorded at different planes to eliminate the conjugate image. The experimental results demonstrate successful reconstruction of phase objects as well as of amplitude objects. The two interferograms can be recorded simultaneously, using two CCD or CMOS sensors, in order to increase the acquisition rate. This enhanced acquisition rate, together with the improved reconstruction capability of the proposed method, may find applications in biomedical research for visualization of rapid dynamic processes at the cellular level.
- SourceAvailable from: Chandra S Yelleswarapu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Sex differences have been noted in patterns of drug use and relapse, and in particular with amphetamine abuse, implicating estradiol in mediating female neurobehavioral responses. To investigate the interaction of estradiol with amphetamine-induced hyperactivity, we compared male, intact female (INTACT), ovariectomized (OVX) and ovariectomized estradiol-treated (OVX + EB) female rats receiving repeated amphetamine (AMPH) treatment. All rats received intermittent AMPH injections for three days, and baseline and post-injection locomotor activity as well as fine-motor movements were recorded. Upon completion of behavioral experiments, immunohistochemistry was performed to assess parvalbumin-immunoreactive (PV-IR) GABAergic neurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Results indicate that AMPH induced greater behavioral response during habituation among the INTACT animals, and post-injection hyperactivity was apparent on days 2 and 3, among INTACT and OVX + EB females. For INTACT animals, the hyperactivity was most pronounced when estrogen levels were high. Immunohistochemical analysis using digital holographic microscopy revealed INTACT and OVX + EB females had less expression and smaller somatic area of PV-IR neurons in the mPFC. These data provide evidence for rapid development of sex differences in response to AMPH that correlates with sexually dimorphic alterations in a subset of mPFC GABAergic neurons implicated in modulating forebrain dopamine projections.Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 01/2014; · 2.82 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report a new technique for the recovery of quantitative phase and amplitude information of an object hidden behind a scattering medium. Two-point intensity correlation measurement together with digital holography principles are utilized for this purpose. The hologram information of the object and a reference beam is scrambled by the presence of a scattering medium in its path. A direct digital holographic recording of this scattered light does not lead to the reconstruction of actual object information. We propose the idea of recovering this hologram information from the spatially fluctuating field of a laser speckle pattern using the intensity correlation, and subsequently apply digital reconstruction of the hologram for recovery of quantitative phase and amplitude information of objects hidden by a random diffuser.Optics Letters 09/2014; 39(17):5054. · 3.39 Impact Factor
- Journal of Biomedical Optics 11/2014; 19(11):116001. · 2.75 Impact Factor