Hereditary Non-polyposis Colorectal Cancer/Lynch Syndrome in Korean Patients with Endometrial Cancer
ABSTRACT We investigate the frequency of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer among Korean endometrial cancer patients according to two clinical criteria and the uptake rate of a genetic test and genetic status of such patients in routine clinical practice.
This was a retrospective study involving 161 consecutive endometrial cancer patients. Patients were classified into clinical and suspected hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer. Using direct sequencing, germline mutations were analyzed in the MLH1 and MSH2 genes.
There were four (2.5%) clinical hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer patients, three of whom underwent genetic testing, and a mutation (c.882delT) in the MSH2 gene was identified in one patient. There were also 14 (8.7%) suspected hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer patients, 6 of whom underwent genetic testing; 1 [1/6 (16.7%)] patient had a mutation (c.1757_1758insC) in the MLH1 gene and 1 patient had a sequence variant of unknown significance (c.1886A < G) in the MSH2 gene. Half of the patients (9 of 18) who met clinical or suspected hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer criteria declined genetic testing mainly for the reason of financial factor (8 of 9).
The proportion of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer [11.2% (18 of 161)] was significant to offer genetic counseling and genetic testing in Korean endometrial cancer patients. Optimal financial support is crucial to increase the uptake rate of a genetic test.
SourceAvailable from: Sokbom Kang[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate the completeness of pedigree and of number of pedigree analysis to know the acceptable familial history in Korean women with ovarian cancer. Methods Interview was conducted in 50 ovarian cancer patients for obtaining familial history three times over the 6 weeks. The completeness of pedigree is estimated in terms of familial history of disease (cancer), health status (health living, disease and death), and onset age of disease and death. Results The completion of pedigree was 79.3, 85.1, and 85.6% at the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd time of interview and the time for pedigree analysis was 34.3, 10.8, and 3.1 minutes, respectively. The factors limiting pedigree analysis were as follows: out of contact with their relatives (38%), no living ancestors who know the family history (34%), dispersed family member because of the Korean War (16%), unknown cause of death (12%), reluctance to ask medical history of relatives (10%), and concealing their ovarian cancer (10%). The percentage of cancers revealed in 1st (2%) and 2nd degree (8%) relatives were increasing through surveys, especially colorectal cancer related with Lynch syndrome (4%). Conclusion Analysis of pedigree at least two times is acceptable in Korean woman with ovarian cancer from the first study. The completion of pedigree is increasing, while time to take family history is decreasing during three time survey.Journal of Gynecologic Oncology 08/2014; 25(4). DOI:10.3802/jgo.2014.25.4.342 · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer is inherited syndrome characterized by the development of cancers in various organ system; these includes colorectum, endometrium, and less frequently, small bowel, stomach, urinary tract, ovaries, and brain. We aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer patients who had both endometrial and colorectal cancers. Between January 2004 and December 2013, 12 women diagnosed with endometrial and colorectal cancers in a single institution were included in this analysis. For these patients, clinical and molecular findings were analyzed retrospectively. All 12 women undertook microsatellite instability analysis, and 9 (75%) were confirmed of having microsatellite instability-high. Among 9 cases with immunohistochemical staining for MLH1 and MSH2, 6 were positive for the loss of mismatch repair protein. Mutational analyses for MLH1 and MSH2 were performed in 3 out of 12 patients; all of them showed germline mutation. This study suggests that there is a genetic background in patients with double primary malignancies in their endometrium and colorectum when analyzed with microsatellite instability studies, immunohistochemistry staining, and mutation studies. This finding supports the necessity of re-defining the high-risk groups in endometrial cancers clinically. This will also help diagnose malignancies in such patients in early stages, as well as counsel other family members.03/2015; 58(2):112-6. DOI:10.5468/ogs.2015.58.2.112
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ABSTRACT: The clinical interpretation of variants in mismatch repair (MMR) genes associated with Lynch syndrome can be confusing when the functional nature of the variant is not clearly defined. We report an extreme case where a polymorphism in the MSH2 gene which had a low minor allele frequency, was misclassified as a mutation based on low evidential methods in the database and previous publications. We expanded this experience to perform a systematic meta-analysis in order to investigate other variants that have potentially been misclassified. Our results suggested that the interpretation of pathogenicity should be more cautious and emphasized the need for solid validation through multiple analyses including functional analysis for variants in MMR genes.Gene 06/2014; 546(2). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2014.06.027 · 2.08 Impact Factor