Experiencia con rituximab en el tratamiento de pacientes con lupus. La base de datos LESIMAB

Reumatología Clínica 09/2010; DOI: 10.1016/j.reuma.2010.06.002
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that may involve the function of organs and reduce the survival of patients. Advances in the diagnosis and treatment have improved the short-term prognosis.However, most therapeutic improvements come from progress in other areas of medicine and only in recent years is this trend changing. Unfortunately, the development of new drugs for lupus is facing specific difficulties and the development of rituximab in lupus has been stopped despite good results in the observational studies. This review examines some of the aspects that influence these difficulties from the perspective of the LESIMAB database.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine whether hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) usage is associated with a reduced risk of damage accrual in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Patients (n = 518) meeting the American College of Rheumatology criteria for diagnosis of SLE and with </=5 years disease duration at study entry were followed up annually. Socioeconomic, demographic, clinical, and serologic manifestations as well as disease activity (by the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure [SLAM]) and damage (by the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics damage index [SDI]) were measured. Propensity scores were calculated to adjust for confounding factors affecting treatment assignment. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to compare the risk of developing new damage according to HCQ use at enrollment into the study. Fifty-six percent of the patients were treated with HCQ at the time of study enrollment. Patients who were not treated with HCQ on enrollment had higher SLAM and SDI scores than patients who were treated. Untreated patients were significantly more likely to have major organ involvement such as renal disease (P < 0.0001) or central nervous system disease (P < 0.0025). Results of unadjusted analysis suggested that treated patients were less likely to accrue damage (hazard ratio [HR] 0.68). With adjustment for differences in treatment assignment, HCQ usage was still associated with a reduced risk of developing new damage, with an HR of 0.68 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.53-0.93) (P = 0.014). With adjustment for differences in treatment assignment, HCQ usage was still associated with a reduced risk of developing new damage (HR 0.73 [95% CI 0.52-1.00]) (P = 0.05). However, patients receiving HCQ who had no damage at study entry had a statistically significant decrease in the risk of damage accrual (HR 0.55 [95% CI 0.34-0.87]) (P = 0.0111), whereas those receiving HCQ who had damage at study entry did not (HR 1.106 [95% CI 0.70-1.74]) (P = 0.6630). These findings indicate that, after adjustment for propensity to receive HCQ, HCQ usage is independently associated with a reduced risk of damage accrual in SLE patients who had not yet accrued damage at the time of treatment initiation.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 05/2005; 52(5):1473-80. DOI:10.1002/art.21039 · 7.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To update the follow-up of the Euro-Lupus Nephritis Trial (ELNT), a randomised prospective trial comparing low-dose (LD) and high-dose (HD) intravenous (IV) cyclophosphamide (CY) followed by azathioprine (AZA) as treatment for proliferative lupus nephritis. Data for survival and kidney function were prospectively collected during a 10-year period for the 90 patients randomised in the ELNT, except in 6 lost to follow-up. Death, sustained doubling of serum creatinine and end-stage renal disease rates did not differ between the LD and HD group (5/44 (11%) vs 2/46 (4%), 6/44 (14%) vs 5/46 (11%) and 2/44 (5%) vs 4/46 (9%), respectively) nor did mean serum creatinine, 24 h proteinuria and damage score at last follow-up. Most patients in both groups were still treated with glucocorticoids, other immunosuppressant agents and blood pressure lowering drugs. After 10 years of follow-up, the positive predictive value for a good outcome of an early drop in proteinuria in response to initial immunosuppressive therapy was confirmed. The data confirm that a LD IVCY regimen followed by AZA-the "Euro-Lupus regimen"-achieves good clinical results in the very long term.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 02/2009; 69(1):61-4. DOI:10.1136/ard.2008.102533 · 10.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The outcomes of previous trials of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in treating severe lupus nephritis (LN) are not in exact agreement. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assesses the benefits and harms of MMF in the induction and maintenance therapy of severe LN. We searched Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Collaboration Database for RCTs that compared MMF with other immunorepressive regimens for treating lupus nephritis and extracted data for remissions, side effects and prognosis in induction therapy and prognosis and side effects in maintenance therapy, and we summarized the combined results of the data of the RCTs as relative risk (RR). We analysed five RCTs with 307 patients-four RCTS providing the data for comparing MMF with cyclophosphamide (CYC) for induction therapy and two RCTs providing the data for comparing MMF with azathioprine (AZA) for maintenance therapy of severe LN. Overall, compared with CYC, induction therapy with MMF reduced the risk of infection significantly (RR 0.65, P<0.001). It also significantly increased the complete remission rate compared with intravenous CYC (RR 3.10, P=0.006). Compared with intravenous CYC, induction therapy with MMF reduced the incidence of leucopenia significantly (RR 0.66, P=0.04). The prognosis and other side effects were not significantly different between MMF and CYC induction therapies. There was no significant difference between the patients receiving MMF and those receiving AZA for maintenance therapy in prognosis or the risks of amenorrhoea and herpes zoster. MMF has higher efficacy in inducing remission in severe LN than pulsed intravenous therapy with CYC. Induction therapy with MMF is also associated with fewer side effects than induction therapy with CYC. Compared with AZA, MMF also is an alternative for maintenance therapy of severe LN without significant difference in the prognosis or risks of amenorrhoea and herpes zoster.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 07/2007; 22(7):1933-42. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfm066 · 3.49 Impact Factor
Show more


Available from