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Available from: Michael Shuster, Aug 20, 2015
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    • "Therefore, to assess the factors influencing the outcome of CPR will help to evaluate the efficiency of resuscitation. Utstein-style definitions and reporting templates have been used while increasing effectively the clinical outcomes after resuscitation and making great progress toward international guidelines or consensus on resuscitation science.[5,6] In recent years, Utstein-style registering templates have been used clinically in a few domestic regions.[7–11] "
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may depend on a variety of factors related to patient status or resuscitation management. To evaluate the factors influencing the outcome of CPR after cardiac arrest (CA) will be conducive to improve the effectiveness of resuscitation. Therefore, a study was designed to assess these factors in the emergency department (ED) of a city hospital. METHODS: A CPR registry conforming to the Utstein-style template was conducted in the ED of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College from January 2005 to December 2011. The outcomes of CPR were compared in various factors groups. The primary outcomes were rated to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), 24-hour survival, survival to discharge and discharge with favorable neurological outcomes. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis were performed to evaluate factors associated with survival. RESULTS: A total of 725 patients were analyzed in the study. Of these patients, 187 (25.8%) had ROSC, 100 (13.8%) survived for 24 hours, 48 (6.6%) survived to discharge, and 23 (3.2%) survived to discharge with favorable neurologic outcomes. A logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the independent predictors of ROSC included traumatic etiology, first monitored rhythms, CPR duration, and total adrenaline dose. The independent predictors of 24-hour survival included traumatic etiology, cardiac etiology, first monitored rhythm and CPR duration. Previous status, cardiac etiology, first monitored rhythms and CPR duration were included in independent predictors of survival to discharge and neurologically favorable survival to discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Shockable rhythms, CPR duration ≤15 minutes and total adrenaline dose ≤5 mg were favorable predictors of ROSC, whereas traumatic etiology was unfavorable. Cardiac etiology, shockable rhythms and CPR duration ≤15 minutes were favorable predictors of 24-hour survival, whereas traumatic etiology was unfavorable. Cardiac etiology, shockable rhythms, CPR duration ≤15 minutes were favorable predictors of survival to discharge and neurologically favorable survival to discharge, but previous terminal illness or multiple organ failure (MOF) was unfavorable.
    03/2013; 4(3):183-9. DOI:10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2013.03.005
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    ABSTRACT: The 2010 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation guidelines for newborn resuscitation represent important progress. The criteria for assessment are simplified based on heart rate and respiration only and there is no timing of stages after the first 60 sec. Instead of giving supplemental oxygen, the guidelines state that ‘it is best to start with air’. However, the optimal oxygen concentration later in the process and for premature babies is not yet clear. A description of an adequate heart rate response is not given, and the cut-off of 100 bpm may be arbitrary. There are still no clear recommendations regarding ventilation, inspiratory time, use of positive end expiratory pressure or continuous positive airway pressure. The guidelines do not mention which paCO2 level might be optimal. As colour pink assessment and routine suctioning of airways are not recommended anymore, there is an urgent need to obtain international consensus and create a new and revised Apgar score without these two variables. Conclusion: In spite of improved guidelines for newborn resuscitation, there is still a number of unanswered questions and a need for more delivery room studies.
    Acta Paediatrica 04/2011; 100(8):1058-62. DOI:10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02301.x · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    Paediatrics & child health 05/2011; 16(5):289-94. · 1.39 Impact Factor
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