Graves' disease and gene polymorphism of TNF-alpha, IL-2, IL-6, IL-12, and IFN-gamma

Molecular Immunology and Immunogenetics Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Endocrine (Impact Factor: 3.88). 04/2010; 37(2):344-8. DOI: 10.1007/s12020-010-9311-y
Source: PubMed


The role of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of Graves' disease (GD) is not clear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in pro-inflammatory cytokine genes and GD in Iranian patients. A case-control hospital-based study was carried out on 107 GD patients and 140 healthy controls. Cytokine typing was performed by polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) assay. The allele and genotype frequencies of the following cytokine genes were determined: TNF-α (-308A/G, -238A/G), IL-2 (-330T/G, +166G/T), IL-6 (-174C/G, A/G nt565), IL-12 (-1188A/C), and IFN-γ (UTR 5644A/T). The following alleles and genotypes were significantly overrepresented in patients: TNF-α -308A allele (P < 0.01) and AA genotype (P < 0.05), IL-2 -330G allele (P < 0.01) and GG genotype (P < 0.01), IL-6 -174C allele (P < 0.01) and CC genotype (P < 0.01), IL-12 -1188C allele (P < 0.01) and CC genotype (P < 0.01), IFN-γ UTR5644T allele (P < 0.01) and TT genotype (P < 0.01). In conclusion, this is the first study to show a significant association between GD and IL-2 -330G, IL-12 -1188C, and IFN-γ UTR 5644T alleles. Our results support the hypothesis that polymorphism in pro-inflammatory cytokines might be involved in predisposition to GD.

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    • "To date, several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL12B have been associated with various immune dysregulations such as systemic lupus erythematosus [22], type 1 diabetes [23], psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis [24], and GD [25]. Although the SNPs and expression of IL12B may be associated with autoimmune thyroid diseases, especially GD and GO in Western male populations [26,27], a genetic association between IL12B and GO in oriental populations has not been identified [28]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Interleukin 12B (IL12B) gene polymorphisms have been linked to several inflammatory diseases, but their role in the development of Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) in Graves disease (GD) patients is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the disease association of IL12B single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Methods A Taiwan Chinese population comprising 200 GD patients with GO and 271 GD patients without GO was genotyped using an allele-specific extension and ligation method. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was estimated using the chi-square test. Allele and genotype frequencies were compared between GD patients with and without GO using the chi-square test. Results The genotype and allele frequencies of examined SNPs did not differ between GD patients with and without GO. Although the genotype distribution remained nonsignificant in the sex-stratified analyses, the frequency of the T allele at SNP rs1003199 was significantly higher in patients with GO in the male cohort (P = 6.00 × 10-3). In addition, haplotypes of IL12B may be used to predict the risk of GO (P = 1.70 × 10-2); however, we could not prove the statistical significance of analysis after applying the Bonferroni correction. Conclusions Our results provide new information that the examined IL12B gene polymorphisms may be associated with susceptibility to GO in the Taiwan Chinese population in a sex-specific manner. This conclusion requires further investigation.
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    Clinical and Experimental Medicine 05/2011; 12(1):39-46. DOI:10.1007/s10238-011-0137-6 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The genetic traits that result in autoimmune diseases represent complicating factors in explicating the molecular and cellular elements of autoimmune responses and how these responses can be overcome or manipulated. This article focuses on the major non-major histocompatibility complex genes that have been found to be linked to autoimmune diseases. A given gene may associate with a number of autoimmune diseases and, conversely, a given disease may link to a number of common autoimmune disease (AD) genes. Collaboration and interaction among genes and the number of diseases that develop and the extensive risk factors shared among ADs further complicate the outcome. This article describes the various relationships between gene regions associated with multiple ADs and the complexity of those relationships.
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