Early intervention of eating- and weight-related problems
ABSTRACT Obesity and other eating-related problems are widespread and are associated with harmful physical, psychological, and social problems. The dramatic increases in rates of pediatric obesity has created a mounting need for psychologists and other mental health care providers to play a significant role in the assessment and treatment of youth with eating- and weight-related problems. Therefore, it is imperative for providers to be aware of the causes and consequences of eating- and weight-related problems and to be familiar with evidence-based assessment and intervention approaches. Currently, the most well-established intervention approaches are family-based behavioral treatments, and weight loss maintenance treatments with a socio-ecological focus are promising. This paper provides a comprehensive review of these topics and highlights the important roles that mental health care providers can have. Medical settings are often the patient's first point of contact within the healthcare system, making mental health care providers in such settings uniquely suited to assess for a broad range of eating- and weight-related problems and associated comorbidities, to deliver relevant evidence-based interventions, and to make appropriate referrals. Moving forward, providers and researchers must work together to address key questions related to the nature of eating- and weight-related problems in youth and to achieve breakthroughs in the prevention and treatment of such problems in this vulnerable population.
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- "Compared to behavioral skills maintenance (BSM) approaches, which emphasize self-regulation behaviors like monitoring weight loss, social facilitation maintenance (SFM) groups experience less weight relapse than groups assigned cognitive behavioral approaches or no ongoing contact after an initial weight loss program (Wake et al. 2009; Wilfley et al. 2010). SFM techniques involve the facilitation of peer networks to support healthy eating and physical activity (Wilfley et al. 2010). Overall, more research is needed on what constitutes effective cooperative involvement and the processes for sustaining involvement. "
ABSTRACT: With the growing interest in how online sedentary activity can mediate offline health practices, we present a study of social media activity related to personal health and fitness. We aim to identify the type of content and motivations for sharing health-related activity in social media outlets. To this end, we performed a qualitative analysis of Twitter posts, as well as an extensive set of interviews with experienced users who post messages on Twitter about exercise, diet, and weight loss activities. The qualitative analysis exposes varying levels of activity actualization and message sentiment. The interviews help us reason about the users practices and motivations for posting activity related to the pursuit and maintenance of volitional health behaviors. Our findings extend existing theoretical frameworks and can inform the design of technology that uses social media to help initiate and maintain challenging activities like exercise and diet.International Conference on Web and Social Media, Boston, MA; 01/2013
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ABSTRACT: Binge eating is characterized by significant imbalance in food intake regulation and is often comorbid with obesity and depression. Mindfulness-based approaches may reduce compulsive overeating, address associated behavioral and emotional dysregulation, and promote internalization of change. This randomized trial explored the efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training (MB-EAT), a 12-session group treatment, in comparison to a psychoeducational/cognitive–behavioral intervention (PECB) and a wait list control. MB-EAT incorporates sitting and guided mindfulness practices to cultivate greater awareness of hunger and fullness cues, sensory-specific satiety, and emotional and other triggers for eating. The two-site study randomized 150 overweight or obese (body mass index = 40.3) individuals (12 % men; 14 % African-American/Hispanic; average age = 46.6 years), 66 % of whom met the full DSM-IV-R criteria for binge eating disorder (BED). Compared to the wait list control, MB-EAT and PECB showed generally comparable improvement after 1 and 4 months post-intervention on binge days per month, the Binge Eating Scale, and depression. At 4 months post-intervention, 95 % of those individuals with BED in MB-EAT no longer met the BED criteria vs. 76 % receiving PECB; furthermore, binges that occurred were likely to be significantly smaller. Amount of mindfulness practice predicted improvement on a range of variables, including weight loss (r = −0.38, p < 0.05). Results suggest that MB-EAT decreased binge eating and related symptoms at a clinically meaningful level, with improvement related to the degree of mindfulness practice.Mindfulness 06/2013; 5(3). DOI:10.1007/s12671-012-0179-1
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ABSTRACT: A prototype sensor module for multimodality medical imaging applications requiring a wide intensity range has been developed. It consists of a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM)-scintillator sensor connected to a 100kHz bandwidth current amplifier integrated with a four stage energy discriminator and a charge sensitive preamplifier. The electronics design allows for simultaneous read out of current level and discriminatory information of single photon energy or, optionally, high-resolution energy information via the charge preamplifier. This single-channel device is a proof-of-principle system designed primarily for combined spectral photon counting computed tomography (CT)/standard CT or combined with positron emission tomography (PET).Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 08/2011; 648. DOI:10.1016/j.nima.2010.12.148 · 1.32 Impact Factor