Assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma by contrast-enhanced ultrasound with perfluorobutane microbubbles: Comparison with dynamic CT

Second Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Tottori, Japan.
The British journal of radiology (Impact Factor: 2.03). 10/2010; 84(1002):499-507. DOI: 10.1259/bjr/38682601
Source: PubMed


The aim of this study was to evaluate tumour vascularity and Kupffer cell imaging in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) with Sonazoid (perfluorobutane) and to compare performance with dynamic CT.
We studied 118 nodules in 88 patients with HCC. HCC was diagnosed as a hyperenhancement lesion in the arterial phase with washout in the portal phase on dynamic CT or by percutaneous biopsy. We observed tumour vascularity at the early vascular phase (10-30 s after contrast injection) and Kupffer imaging at the post-vascular phase (after 10 min).
Detection of vascularity at the early vascular phase was 88% in nodules that were found to be hypervascular on dynamic CT and 28% in hypo-/isovascular nodules; the detection of local recurrence nodules was 92%. The detection of vascularity was significantly lower in nodules >9 cm deep than in those ≤9 cm deep, but was not affected by tumour size. The detection of tumours at the post-vascular phase on CEUS was 83% in nodules with low density in the portal phase on dynamic CT and 82% in nodules with isodensity. The rate did not depend on the severity of underlying liver disease; rates decreased in nodules deeper than 9 cm, those smaller than 2 cm in diameter and in iso-enhancing nodules at the early vascular phase of CEUS.
CEUS with Sonazoid is a useful tool for assessing the vascularity of HCC and is equal to that of dynamic CT; however, the detectability of HCC vascularity is affected by location.

Download full-text


Available from: Masahiko Koda, Oct 09, 2015
26 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the correlation between the intranodular blood supply revealed by CT during intraarterial injection of contrast medium, mainly using helical CT, and the grade of malignancy of hepatocellular nodules associated with liver cirrhosis as classified by the International Working Party of the World Congress of Gastroenterology. We studied 201 histologically proven nodules (101 resected and 100 biopsied nodules), including 47 low-grade dysplastic nodules (low-DNs), 56 high-grade dysplastic nodules (high-DNs), 24 well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas (wd-HCCs), and 74 moderately or poorly differentiated HCCs (mp-HCCs), in 139 cirrhotic patients. Findings on CT during arterial portography (n = 201) and CT during hepatic arteriography (n = 74) were reviewed and compared with the histologic diagnosis. CT findings were classified into four types relative to the surrounding liver: type A (isodense), type B (slightly hypodense), type C (partially hypodense), and type D (markedly hypodense) on CT during arterial portography and type I (isodense), type II (hypodense), type III (partially hyperdense), and type IV (hyperdense) on CT during hepatic arteriography. On CT during arterial portography, the distributions of each type were low-DN (n = 47 [A, n = 36; B, n = 8; C, n = 3]), high-DN (n = 56 [A, n = 18; B, n = 20; C, n = 10; D, n = 8]), wd-HCC (n = 24; [B, n = 4; C, n = 13; D, n = 7]), and mp-HCC (n = 74 [D, n = 74]). On CT during hepatic arteriography, the distributions were low-DN (n = 26 [I, n = 18; II, n = 7; III, n = 1]), high-DN (n = 19 [I, n = 6; II, n = 7; III, n = 4; IV, n = 2]), wd-HCC (n = 15 [I, n = 1; III, n = 8; IV, n = 6]), and mp-HCC (n = 14 [IV, n = 14]). We found a statistically significant correlation between the four types and the grade of malignancy of these nodules. Findings on CT during arterial portography and CT during hepatic arteriography correlated positively with histologic grading when overlap in appearance between dysplastic nodules and HCCs occurred. The concept revealed in this study can apply to diagnoses made on the basis of Doppler sonography, dynamic CT, and MR imaging.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 05/1999; 172(4):969-76. DOI:10.2214/ajr.172.4.10587130 · 2.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: See article in J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2011; 26: 759-764.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 04/2011; 26(4):616-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1746.2011.06678.x · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microbubble US contrast agents are composed of an outer shell of protein, phospholipid or polymer that encase air or perfluorocarbon gas. These contrast agents have been widely used in adult cardiology patients to improve endocardial border delineation and have been proved safe and well tolerated in this patient population. There is also a growing body of literature elucidating the value of contrast-enhanced sonography to distinguish benign from malignant liver lesions in adults and to characterize non-hepatic adult malignancies. Because these agents have not been approved for pediatric use in many countries, less is known of the value of contrast-enhanced sonography in children. In this review I will discuss several proven and potential pediatric applications of contrast-enhanced sonography.
    Pediatric Radiology 05/2011; 41 Suppl 1(S1):S238-42. DOI:10.1007/s00247-011-2005-7 · 1.57 Impact Factor
Show more