Article

Cambios en calidad de vida en Colombia durante 1997-2003: otra aproximación

10/2005;
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT Este trabajo analiza, estática y dinámicamente, los cambios en las condiciones de vida de los hogares en Colombia entre los años 1997 y 2003. Se propone un indicador alternativo y se contrasta a nivel nacional, regional y de centro poblacional con el Índice de Calidad de Vida (ICV) convencional. El indicador alterno reconoce la importancia que tienen aspectos de salud y el tiempo gastado en desplazamiento. Estas variables adicionales reducen el impacto de los aspectos concernientes al capital físico y distancian aún más las condiciones de las zonas rurales frente a las urbanas. La importancia de profundizar en las políticas de salud en las zonas rurales y en políticas que permitan disminuir el tiempo gastado en desplazamiento para ambas zonas se torna evidente.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
74 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Construction of an international index of standards of living, incorporating social indicators and economic output, typically involves scaling and weighting procedures that lack welfare-economic foundations. Revealed preference axioms can be used to make quality-of-life comparisons if we can estimate the representative household's production technology for the social indicators. This method is applied to comparisons of gross domestic product (GDP) and life expectancy for 58 countries. Neither GDP rankings, nor the rankings of the Human Development Index (HDI), are consistent with the partial ordering of revealed preference. A method of constructing a utility-consistent index incorporating both consumption and life expectancy is suggested. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Development Economics 02/2003; 70(2):501-529. · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Economic Perspectives 02/1993; 7(1):133-50. · 4.21 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper studies life-cycle preferences over consumption and health status. We show that cost-effectiveness analysis is consistent with cost–benefit analysis if the lifetime utility function is additive over time, multiplicative in the utility of consumption and the utility of health status, and if the utility of consumption is constant over time. We derive the conditions under which the lifetime utility function takes this form, both under expected utility theory and under rank-dependent utility theory, which is currently the most important nonexpected utility theory. If cost-effectiveness analysis is consistent with cost–benefit analysis, it is possible to derive tractable expressions for the willingness to pay for quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). The willingness to pay for QALYs depends on wealth, remaining life expectancy, health status, and the possibilities for intertemporal substitution of consumption.
    Journal of Health Economics 01/2000; · 1.60 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
52 Downloads
Available from
Jun 4, 2014