Correlation among ocular spherical aberration, corneal spherical aberration, and corneal asphericity before and after LASIK for myopic astigmatism with the SCHWIND AMARIS platform.
ABSTRACT To determine the spherical wave aberration of the human eye based on corneal topography.
Based on the pre- and postoperative status of 146 consecutive eyes (median patient age 36 years), the correlations between spherical aberration and asphericity and between corneal and ocular spherical aberrations were determined using simple linear regression methods. The asphericity (Q) values for which spherical aberration equals zero as well as the reference Q values for which corneal spherical aberration equals ocular spherical aberration have been determined. Patients underwent LASIK using the AMARIS excimer laser platform (SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions). All ablations were based on aspheric aberration-neutral profiles.
Corneal and ocular spherical aberrations correlate well with Q value and the value p · R(-3) in patients before and after LASIK for myopic astigmatism. A Q value of -0.19 to -0.27 can provide zero ocular spherical aberration in patients before and after LASIK for myopic astigmatism. Ocular spherical aberration is induced at a rate of half the induced corneal spherical aberration. A reference Q value of -0.12 to +0.01 can provide corneal spherical aberration equal to ocular spherical aberration in patients before and after LASIK for myopic astigmatism.
Ocular and corneal wave aberrations are two different concepts that are not interchangeable. As for spherical aberration, a simple static model with a reference cornea deviating from a Cartesian oval can provide a 2:1 correspondence between corneal and ocular spherical aberration.