Anaerobic bacteria infection in cystic fibrosis airway disease

Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology and Pathology Luigi Califano, Medical School, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.
The New Microbiologica: official journal of the Italian Society for Medical Virology (SIVIM) (Impact Factor: 1.78). 07/2010; 33(3):185-94.
Source: PubMed


Depletion of the periciliary liquid in "Cystic Fibrosis" airway disease results in reduced mucociliary transport, persistent mucus hypersecretion and consequently increased height of the luminal mucus layer, so hypoxic gradients in the mucus plugs are developed. Because of anaerobic lung zones, it is highly probable that anaerobic bacteria not detected by routine bacteriologic culture methods also reside within the mucus. Notwithstanding this evidence, microbiology laboratories working in the cystic fibrosis field do not generally use strict anaerobic bacteriologic cultures to determine the presence of anaerobic bacteria in the Cystic Fibrosis lung. The aim of this review is to focus on the published data regarding the finding of anaerobic bacteria in cystic fibrosis airway disease. Therefore, microbiology, diagnosis, antimicrobial susceptibility and possible impact on clinical management of anaerobic bacteria lung infection in cystic fibrosis are described.

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