Development of sporadic microsatellite instability in colorectal tumors involves hypermethylation at methylated-in-tumor loci in adenoma.

Department of Molecular Oncology, John Wayne Cancer Institute, 2200 Santa Monica Blvd, Santa Monica, CA 90404, USA.
American Journal Of Pathology (Impact Factor: 4.6). 10/2010; 177(5):2347-56. DOI: 10.2353/ajpath.2010.091103
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Microsatellite instability (MSI) and genomic hypermethylation of methylated-in-tumor (MINT) loci are both strong prognostic indicators in a subgroup of patients with sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC). The present study was designed to determine whether the methylation of MINT loci during the progression of adenoma to CRC is related to MSI in CRC cases. Methylation index (MI) was measured by absolute quantitative assessment of methylated alleles at seven MINT loci in primary CRC with contiguous adenomatous and normal tissues of 79 patients. Results were then validated in primary CRC tissues from an independent group of 54 patients. Increased MI of both MINT loci 1 and 31 was significantly associated with MSI in CRC and was specific for adenoma. Total MI and the number of methylated loci were threefold (P=0.02) and fivefold (P=0.004) higher, respectively, in adenomas associated with microsatellite-stable CRC versus microsatellite-unstable CRC. MINT MI was found to be correlated with mismatch repair protein expression, MSI, BRAF (V600E) mutation status, mut-L homologue 1 methylation status, and disease-specific survival in the second independent validation group of patients. MI of specific MINT loci may be prognostic indicators of colorectal adenomas that will develop into sporadic microsatellite-unstable CRCs. Increased MINT locus methylation appears to precede MSI and may have utility in defining clinical pathology in the absence of features of malignant invasive tumors.

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Anne Benard