Article

Non-classical binding of a polyreactive α-type anti-idiotypic antibody to B cells.

Immunobiology Division, Center of Molecular Immunology, P.O. Box 16040, Havana 11600, Cuba.
Molecular Immunology (Impact Factor: 3). 10/2010; 48(1-3):98-108. DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2010.09.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Detailed information on the immunological relevance of α-type anti-idiotypic antibodies is lacking after more than 30 years since Jerne postulated his Idiotypic Network Theory. The B7Y33 mutant is a mouse-human chimeric version of the B7 MAb, a polyreactive α-type anti-idiotypic antibody, generated against an anti-GM2 ganglioside IgM Ab1 antibody. It retained the unusual self-binding activity and multispecificity of the parental murine antibody, being able to recognize several anti-ganglioside IgM antibodies as well as non-immunoglobulin antigens. Previous work with the murine B7 MAb suggested that this antibody might have immunoregulatory properties, and therefore we investigated the possible interaction of B7Y33 with immune cells. We found that B7Y33 binds to human and murine B lymphocytes. Inhibition assays using flow cytometry indicated that this antibody is capable of binding the Fc γ receptor II (FcγRII). The recognition of FcγRII-expressing K562, Raji and Daudi human cell lines, together with the capability of inhibiting the binding of an anti-human FcγRII antibody to these cells, suggest that B7Y33 interacts with both the FcγRIIa and FcγRIIb isoforms. We evaluated the contribution to the binding of different surface-exposed residues at the top of the heavy chain variable region (VH) CDR loops through the construction of mutants with substitutions in the three conventional VH CDRs (HCDRs) and the "HCDR4", located in the framework 3 (HFR3). In addition, we assessed the involvement of the Fc region by performing key mutations in the CH2 domain. Furthermore, chimeric hybrid molecules were obtained by combining the B7Y33 heavy chain with unrelated light chains. Our results indicate that the multispecificity and self-binding properties of B7Y33 are not linked to its recognition of B lineage cells, and that this phenomenon occurs in a non-classical way with the participation of both the variable and constant regions of the antibody. Two possible models for this interaction are proposed, with B7Y33 binding to two FcγRIIb molecules through the Fc and Fv regions, or simultaneously to FcγRIIb and another unknown antigen on B cells. The FcγRIIb has recently received great attention as an attractive target for therapies directed to B lymphocytes. The recognition of peripheral B lymphocytes from B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) patients by B7Y33 suggests its potential application for the treatment of B cell malignancies.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
134 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Multispecificity is not a well-understood property of some antibodies. Different functions have been attributed to multispecific natural antibodies, commonly associated with the neutralization and clearance of antigens. Much less is known about the role of antibodies like these, based on their idiotypic connectivity. B7Y33 is a chimeric IgG1 version of a polyreactive α anti-idiotype antibody that is able to interact with different immunoglobulin and non-immunoglobulin antigens. Here we report the capacity of this antibody to enhance the immunogenicity of several autologous IgMs in adjuvant-free conditions. Our results suggest that the formation of immune complexes seems to be necessary, but not sufficient, to this activity. The potential involvement of the interaction of B7Y33 with the FcγRIIb is discussed.
    mAbs 05/2012; 4(3):398-402. · 4.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Engaging inhibitory FcγRIIb by Fc region has been recently reported to be an attractive approach for improving the efficacy of antibody therapeutics. However, the previously reported S267E/L328F variant with enhanced binding affinity to FcγRIIb, also enhances binding affinity to FcγRIIa(R131) allotype to a similar degree because FcγRIIb and FcγRIIa(R131) are structurally similar. In this study, we applied comprehensive mutagenesis and structure-guided design based on the crystal structure of the Fc/FcγRIIb complex to identify a novel Fc variant with selectively enhanced FcγRIIb binding over both FcγRIIa(R131) and FcγRIIa(H131). This novel variant has more than 200-fold stronger binding affinity to FcγRIIb than wild-type IgG1, while binding affinity to FcγRIIa(R131) and FcγRIIa(H131) is comparable with or lower than wild-type IgG1. This selectivity was achieved by conformational change of the CH2 domain by mutating Pro to Asp at position 238. Fc variant with increased binding to both FcγRIIb and FcγRIIa induced platelet aggregation and activation in an immune complex form in vitro while our novel variant did not. When applied to agonistic anti-CD137 IgG1 antibody, our variant greatly enhanced the agonistic activity. Thus, the selective enhancement of FcγRIIb binding achieved by our Fc variant provides a novel tool for improving the efficacy of antibody therapeutics.
    Protein Engineering Design and Selection 06/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
98 Downloads
Available from
Jun 2, 2014