The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource (ACSR) is a cooperative agreement among the United States National Cancer Institute (NCI) (Office of the Director, Office of HIV and AIDS Malignancy (OHAM)) and regional US consortia, University of California, San Francisco (West Coast), George Washington University (East Coast), and The Ohio State University (Mid-Region). The ACSR's main objective is to collect, preserve, and disperse HIV-related tissues and biologic fluids along with clinical data to qualified investigators with a focus on HIV/AIDS-related malignancies. The ACSR biorepository has more than 265,000 human HIV-positive and control samples available from 39 processing types, 16 specimen types, and 52 anatomical site types. These HIV-infected biological fluids and tissues are made available to funded approved investigators at no fee. Technical support such as HIV DNA identification in tissues and tissue microarray (TMA) blocks are available to assist approved investigators. Research needs may be filled through ACSR cooperative arrangements when not met by currently banked material. Those participating with the ACSR are expected to share their research findings with the scientific community. Some 117 abstract/poster and podium reports at national and international scientific meetings and 94 publications have been contributed to the scientific literature (as of 2010). Investigators can browse the ACSR Internet site at http://acsr.ucsf.edu for biospecimens to support their scientific initiatives, including basic, translational, biomarker discovery, and molecular epidemiology studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Current models for in vitro studies of tissue function and physiology, including responses to hypoxia or environmental toxins, are limited and rely heavily on standard 2-dimensional (2-D) cultures with immortalized murine or human cell lines. To develop a new more powerful model system, we have pursued methods to establish and expand cultures of primary lung cell types and reconstituted tissues from marine mammals. What little is known about the physiology of the deep-sea diving pygmy sperm whale (PSW), Kogia breviceps, comes primarily from stranding events that occur along the coast of the southeastern United States. Thus, development of a method for preserving live tissues and retrieving live cells from deceased stranded individuals was initiated. This report documents successful cryopreservation of PSW lung tissue. We established in vitro cultures of primary lung cell types from tissue fragments that had been cryopreserved several months earlier at the stranding event. Dissociation of cryopreserved lung tissues readily provides a variety of primary cell types that, to varying degrees, can be expanded and further studied/manipulated in cell culture. In addition, PSW-specific molecular markers have been developed that permitted the monitoring of fibroblast, alveolar type II, and vascular endothelial cell types. Reconstitution of 3-D cultures of lung tissues with these cell types is now underway. This novel system may facilitate the development of rare or disease-specific lung tissue models (e.g., to test causes of PSW stranding events and lead to improved treatments for pulmonary hypertension or reperfusion injury in humans). Also, the establishment of a "living" tissue bank biorepository for rare/endangered species could serve multiple purposes as surrogates for freshly isolated samples.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C Toxicology & Pharmacology 04/2011; 155(1):136-42. DOI:10.1016/j.cbpc.2011.04.002 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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