Immunogenicity and Safety of an Investigational Combined Haemophilus influenzae Type B-Neisseria meningitidis Serogroups C and Y-Tetanus Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine
ABSTRACT Neisseria meningitidis serogroups B, C, and Y cause most meningococcal disease in industrialized countries. A Haemophilus influenzae type b-meningococcal serogroups C and Y-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (HibMenCY-TT) was evaluated.
A total of 1104 infants (randomized 3:1:1) were vaccinated at 2, 4, and 6 months with HibMenCY-TT, MenC-CRM197 + Hib-TT, or Hib-TT. At 12 to 15 months, HibMenCY-TT and MenC-CRM-primed children received HibMenCY-TT; Hib-TT-primed received N. meningitidis serogroup B Hib-outer membrane protein complex. Antibody concentrations and rabbit/human complement serum bactericidal antibody titers (rSBA/hSBA) were determined. Safety was monitored after each dose (diary cards for first 31 days) until 6 months postdose 4.
Postdose 3, rates of antipolyribosylribitol phosphate ≥ 1 μg/mL and rSBA-MenC ≥1:128 in HibMenCY-TT recipients were noninferior to licensed controls. Percentages reaching 0.15 μg/mL (1.0 μg/mL postdose 3) and antipolyribosylribitol phosphate GMC were significantly higher after HibMenCY-TT than Hib-TT postdose 2 and postdose 3. The GMC remained significantly higher before and after dose 4. Proportions of HibMenCY-TT recipients with rSBA ≥ 1:8 were 95.6% (MenC), 98.6% (MenY) postdose-2, ≥ 99% for MenC/Y postdose 3 and 4; hSBA ≥ 1:4 were 95.5% (MenC), 89.8% (MenY) postdose 2, >97% for MenC/Y postdose 3 and 4. HibMenCY-TT had a similar safety profile to control vaccines.
HibMenCY-TT induced noninferior Hib and MenC responses compared with monovalent Hib and MenC conjugates with a comparable safety profile. Bactericidal antibodies against MenC/Y were induced after 2 doses of HibMenCY-TT.
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ABSTRACT: Meningococcal diseases are serious threats to global health, and new vaccines specifically tailored to meet the age-related needs of various geographical areas are required. This paper focuses on the meningococcal conjugate vaccines developed by GSK Biologicals. Two combined conjugate vaccines were developed to help protect infants and young children in countries where the incidence of meningococcal serogroup C or serogroup C and Y disease is important: Hib-MenC-TT vaccine, which offers protection against Haemophilus influenzae type b and Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C diseases, is approved in several countries; and Hib-MenCY-TT vaccine, which adds N. meningitidis serogroup Y antigen, is currently in the final stages of development. Additionally, a tetravalent conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) designed to help protect against four meningococcal serogroups is presently being evaluated for global use in all age groups. All of these vaccines were shown to be highly immunogenic and to have clinically acceptable safety profiles.07/2011; 2011:846756. DOI:10.4061/2011/846756
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ABSTRACT: Meningococcal disease incidence is highest in children younger than 2 years of age, yet there is no US-licensed vaccine for this age group. A phase III study evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of an investigational Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)-Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (HibMenCY). A total of 4180 infants were randomly assigned to receive the HibMenCY at the ages of 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months or the licensed Hib tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (ActHIB) at 2, 4, and 6 months and Hib conjugated to N meningitidis outer membrane protein (PedvaxHIB) at 12 to 15 months. Routinely scheduled vaccines were coadministered. Serum bactericidal activity using human complement and anti-polyribosylribitol phosphate antibodies were assessed in 991 subjects. Local and systemic adverse reactions were recorded for 4 days after each dose. The percentage of HibMenCY recipients with serum bactericidal assay using human complement titers of 1:8 or higher after dose 3 was 98.8% for N meningitidis serogroup C (MenC) and 95.8% for N meningitidis serogroup Y (MenY). After dose 4, the percentages were 98.5% and 98.8%, respectively. The percentage of HibMenCY recipients with postdose 3 anti-polyribosylribitol phosphate antibody levels of ≥ 1.0 μg/mL was noninferior to that of control (96.3% vs 91.2%). After dose 4, MenC and MenY serum bactericidal assay using human complement antibody titers increased 12-fold over pre-dose 4 levels. Incidence of pain, redness, and swelling at the HibMenCY injection sites tended to be lower than with Hib type b after the first 3 doses and after the fourth dose. Rates of systemic symptoms were similar across groups. The HibMenCY was immunogenic against MenC and MenY and induced anti-polyribosylribitol phosphate antibody levels noninferior to those of licensed Hib conjugate vaccine. The safety profile of the HibMenCY was clinically acceptable and comparable to Hib conjugate vaccine.PEDIATRICS 06/2011; 127(6):e1375-85. DOI:10.1542/peds.2009-2992 · 5.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The highest rates of invasive meningococcal disease occur in children under 2 years of age, yet as of early 2011 no vaccine was licensed for the youngest infants. However, a novel vaccine consisting of capsular polysaccharides from Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y conjugated to tetanus toxoid (HibMenCY-TT; MenHibrix, GlaxoSmithKline) is in the late stages of development. In clinical trials involving more than 7800 children, HibMenCY-TT was shown to be safe and immunogenic when administered at 2, 4, 6 and 12-15 months of age. Anti-polyribosylribitol phosphate antibody responses were noninferior to those elicited by licensed monovalent Hib vaccines, and most vaccinees developed bactericidal antibodies against N. meningitidis serogroups C and Y. The majority of subjects retained antibody responses as far as 3 years after vaccination. If licensed, HibMenCY-TT not only represents an incremental option for protection against invasive Hib, but also has the potential to prevent invasive meningococcal disease without increasing the number of injections.Expert Review of Vaccines 07/2011; 10(7):941-50. DOI:10.1586/erv.11.90 · 4.22 Impact Factor