Phosphatidylinositol 3,5-Bisphosphate (PI(3,5)P2) Potentiates Cardiac Contractility via Activation of the Ryanodine Receptor

Schools of Medicine, University of Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri 64108, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.57). 10/2010; 285(51):40312-21. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.179689
Source: PubMed


Phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PI(3,5)P2) is the most recently identified phosphoinositide, and its functions have yet to be fully elucidated. Recently, members of our muscle group have shown that PI(3,5)P2 plays an important role in skeletal muscle function by altering Ca(2+) homeostasis. Therefore, we hypothesized that PI(3,5)P2 may also modulate cardiac muscle contractility by altering intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in cardiac myocytes. We first confirmed that PI(3,5)P2 was present and increased by insulin treatment of cardiomyocytes via immunohistochemistry. To examine the acute effects of PI(3,5)P2 treatment, electrically paced left ventricular muscle strips were incubated with PI(3,5)P2. Treatment with PI(3,5)P2 increased the magnitude of isometric force, the rate of force development, and the area associated with the contractile waveforms. These enhanced contractile responses were also observed in MIP/Mtmr14(-/-) mouse hearts, which we found to have elevated levels of PI(3,5)P2. In cardiac myocytes loaded with fura-2, PI(3,5)P2 produced a robust elevation in [Ca(2+)](i). The PI(3,5)P2-induced elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) was not present in conditions free of extracellular Ca(2+) and was completely blocked by ryanodine. We investigated whether the phosphoinositide acted directly with the Ca(2+) release channels of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (ryanodine receptors; RyR2). PI(3,5)P2 increased [(3)H]ryanodine binding and increased the open probability (P(o)) of single RyR2 channels reconstituted in lipid bilayers. This strongly suggests that the phosphoinositide binds directly to the RyR2 channel. Thus, we provide inaugural evidence that PI(3,5)P2 is a powerful activator of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) release and thereby modulates cardiac contractility.

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Available from: Michael J Wacker, Oct 09, 2015
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    • "Direct application of PI(3,5)P2 increases calcium release from microsomes containing the intracellular ryanodine receptor 1 calcium release channel (RyR1), a critical component of the EC coupling apparatus. Thus, direct regulation of RyR1-dependent stimulated calcium release may represent one important role of PI(3,5)P2 and MTMR14 [29]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Phosphoinositide (3,5)-bisphosphate [PI(3,5)P(2)] is a newly identified phosphoinositide that modulates intracellular Ca(2+) by activating ryanodine receptors (RyRs). Since the contractile state of arterial smooth muscle depends on the concentration of intracellular Ca(2+), we hypothesized that by mobilizing sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) stores PI(3,5)P(2) would increase intracellular Ca(2+) in arterial smooth muscle cells and cause vasocontraction. Using immunohistochemistry, we found that PI(3,5)P(2) was present in the mouse aorta and that exogenously applied PI(3,5)P(2) readily entered aortic smooth muscle cells. In isolated aortic smooth muscle cells, exogenous PI(3,5)P(2) elevated intracellular Ca(2+), and it also contracted aortic rings. Both the rise in intracellular Ca(2+) and the contraction caused by PI(3,5)P(2) were prevented by antagonizing RyRs, while the majority of the PI(3,5)P(2) response was intact after blockade of inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptors. Depletion of SR Ca(2+) stores with thapsigargin or caffeine and/or ryanodine blunted the Ca(2+) response and greatly attenuated the contraction elicited by PI(3,5)P(2). The removal of extracellular Ca(2+) or addition of verapamil to inhibit voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels reduced but did not eliminate the Ca(2+) or contractile responses to PI(3,5)P(2). We also found that PI(3,5)P(2) depolarized aortic smooth muscle cells and that LaCl(3) inhibited those aspects of the PI(3,5)P(2) response attributable to extracellular Ca(2+). Thus, full and sustained aortic contractions to PI(3,5)P(2) required the release of SR Ca(2+), probably via the activation of RyR, and also extracellular Ca(2+) entry via voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels.
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