Insulin resistance and vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 2-3.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacotherapy, Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca (Impact Factor: 1.49). 10/2010; 60(1):149-55.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Vitamin D status and the relationship between serum 25(OH) vitamin D concentrations and the components of insulin resistance were examined in 120 patients with chronic kidney disease stage 2 and 3. Insulin sensitivity/resistance was calculated by the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI). In this analysis, the prevalence of insulin resistance was 42 %. Only 17 % of patients had serum 25(OH) vitamin D concentration in the recommended range (>/=30 ng/ml), 42 % suffered from vitamin D insufficiency and 41 % had moderate vitamin D deficiency. Insulin resistance significantly correlated with serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)(2)D concentrations, renal function and protein excretion rate. Our results support the increasing evidence that vitamin D deficiency may be one of the factors participating in the development of insulin resistance already in the early stages of chronic kidney disease.

Download full-text


Available from: Kornelia Stefikova, Jul 30, 2015
  • Source
    • "Epidemiological and prospective studies have proposed an inverse relationship between vitamin D status and risk of developing diabetes, insulin resistance (IR), and metabolic syndrome [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the study were to determine associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and insulin resistance and the effects of these SNPs on changes in insulin sensitivity in response to vitamin D supplementation. The research described here was an extension of the Surya study. Genotyping of the Cdx-2, FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI SNPs was carried out on 239 South Asian women in New Zealand using polymerase chain reaction-based techniques. Associations of these genotypes and 3' end haplotypes with insulin resistance were determined using multiple regression analysis. Associations between SNP genotypes and responses in insulin sensitivity to vitamin D supplementation (4000 IU vitamin D(3) per day) were also determined for a subset (81) of these women. BsmI BB, ApaI AA, and TaqI tt genotypes were significantly associated with lower insulin resistance compared with BsmI bb, ApaI aa, and TaqI TT, respectively, in the cohort of 239 women. Furthermore, homozygosity of the haplotypes baT and BAt was associated with higher and lower insulin resistance, respectively, compared with no copies of their respective alleles. Of the 81 subjects who were supplemented with vitamin D, women with the FokI Ff genotype showed a significantly greater improvement in insulin sensitivity (increase of 29.4 [2.9, 38.1]) compared with women with the FokI FF genotype (increase of 2.3 [-11.5, 10.1]). This study has highlighted the association of vitamin D responsiveness and insulin resistance with VDR gene polymorphisms. This is the first study to determine associations between all three. Genotyping of the VDR gene may provide a predictive measure for insulin resistance in response to vitamin D intervention.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 08/2011; 61(3):293-301. DOI:10.1016/j.metabol.2011.06.018 · 3.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often insufficient in 25(OH) vitamin D and are almost uniformly deficient in 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D, because of decreased renal hydroxylation resulting from hyperphosphatemia and elevated fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) levels. These same abnormalities lead to secondary hyperparathyroidism for which the administration of calcitriol or vitamin D analogs has been the mainstay of therapy for decades. This review summarizes new trials of vitamin D, calcitriol, and its analogs over the last 2 years. In addition to the endocrine effects of the vitamin D axis on bone and mineral metabolism, studies have demonstrated there is also extrarenal conversion of 25(OH) vitamin D to 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D in multiple cells leading to autocrine effects. This advance has led to the speculation that CKD patients may also need to be supplemented with ergocalciferol or cholecalciferol. Unfortunately, to date, the majority of interventional studies have focused on biochemical end points. There are no randomized controlled trials demonstrating that therapy with any formulation of vitamin D results in improved patient level outcomes. Despite the physiologic importance of vitamin D in health and disease, more research is required to determine which vitamin D derivative is required for optimal health in CKD patients.
    Current opinion in nephrology and hypertension 07/2011; 20(4):354-9. DOI:10.1097/MNH.0b013e3283470450 · 3.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Here we determined if vitamin D deficiency is more common in children with chronic kidney disease compared to healthy children. In addition, we sought to identify disease-specific risk factors for this deficiency, as well as its metabolic consequences. We found that nearly half of 182 patients (ages 5 to 21) with kidney disease (stages 2 to 5) and a third of age-matched 276 healthy children were 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficient (<20 ng/ml). The risk of deficiency was significantly greater in advanced disease. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and low albumin were significantly associated with lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D, which, in turn, was associated with significantly higher intact parathyroid hormone levels. We found that 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were positively associated with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, the relationship being greatest in advanced disease (significant interaction), and inversely related to those of inflammatory markers C-reactive protein and IL-6. The association with C-reactive protein persisted when adjusted for the severity of kidney disease. Thus, lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D may contribute to hyperparathyroidism, inflammation, and lower 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in children and adolescents, especially those with advanced kidney disease.
    Kidney International 12/2011; 81(7):690-7. DOI:10.1038/ki.2011.431 · 8.52 Impact Factor
Show more