Insulin resistance and vitamin D deficiency in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 2-3.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacotherapy, Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca (Impact Factor: 1.49). 10/2010; 60(1):149-55.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Vitamin D status and the relationship between serum 25(OH) vitamin D concentrations and the components of insulin resistance were examined in 120 patients with chronic kidney disease stage 2 and 3. Insulin sensitivity/resistance was calculated by the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI). In this analysis, the prevalence of insulin resistance was 42 %. Only 17 % of patients had serum 25(OH) vitamin D concentration in the recommended range (>/=30 ng/ml), 42 % suffered from vitamin D insufficiency and 41 % had moderate vitamin D deficiency. Insulin resistance significantly correlated with serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)(2)D concentrations, renal function and protein excretion rate. Our results support the increasing evidence that vitamin D deficiency may be one of the factors participating in the development of insulin resistance already in the early stages of chronic kidney disease.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among Saudi population has increased recently. The social and pathological factors, including kidney disease that may have influenced the vitamin status have not been investigated in the Hail population. The present study aims to: (1) investigate changes in the serum vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, serum calcium, and phosphate levels in Saudi patients with kidney disease; and (2) elucidate the other possible physiological factors that may have influence on the vitamin status. A cross-sectional study was carried out in King Khalid Hospital in Hail, Saudi Arabia. The database of kidney disease patients that attended the Kidney Unit between September 2012 and June 2013 was searched and data classified according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate into stages 1-4. Beside the kidney function parameters, serum calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone were measured. Out of the 167 patients who visited the kidney unit, the data of 96 patients was included in the study. The results exhibited significant reductions in serum vitamin D level in stage 4 patients by 52.05 per cent with significant increase in the serum PTH level amounting to 3.5-fold. Kidney impairment at stage 4 caused significant increase in the serum phosphate level by 15.74 per cent and the serum calcium by 8.17 per cent. Significant correlations were observed between serum creatinine and Log PTH (r=0.704, p<0.0001) and a negative correlation between creatinine and log vitamin D (r=-0.373, p=0.001). The results exhibited depletion of serum vitamin D concentration accompanied with the development of severe secondary hyperparathyroidism with the progression in kidney disease. The vitamin D deficiency was more prominent in females, older ages, and advanced kidney disease.
    Australasian Medical Journal 02/2015; 8(2):33-40. DOI:10.4066/AMJ.2015.2252
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective This study examined rates and determinants of vitamin D supplementation among Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) participants and determined the association between dose and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level. The 2010 Institute of Medicine Report noted a significant increase in vitamin D supplementation in the general population, but use in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. Methods CRIC is a multicenter prospective observational cohort study of 3,939 participants with a median baseline age of 60 and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 42.1 mL/minute per 1.73 m2. Of the cohort, 54.9% was male, 42.1% were Black, and 48.4% were diabetic. Multivariable logistic generalized estimating equations were used to examine determinants of supplementation use assessed annually between 2003 and 2011. Cross-sectional linear regression models, based on a subset of 1,155 participants, assessed associations between supplement dose and 25(OH)D level, measured by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Results The proportion of participants reporting supplement use increased (P < .0001), from 10% at baseline to 44% at 7-year follow-up visits. This was largely due to initiation of products containing only ergocalciferol or cholecalciferol. The odds of supplementation were greater in older, female, non-Black, married participants with greater education and lower body mass index. Among participants taking supplementation, dose was positively associated with 25(OH)D level, adjusted for race, season, diabetes, dietary intake, eGFR, and proteinuria. Only 3.8% of non-Black and 16.5% of Black participants taking a supplement were deficient (<20 ng/mL), whereas 22.7% of non-Black and 62.4% of Black participants not reporting supplement use were deficient. Conclusions Vitamin D supplementation rates rose significantly among CRIC participants over 7 years of follow-up and were associated with greater serum 25(OH)D levels. Studies of vitamin D levels on clinical outcomes in CKD and future vitamin D interventional studies should consider these changes in supplementation practices.
    Journal of Renal Nutrition 05/2014; DOI:10.1053/j.jrn.2014.01.015 · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a modern day epidemic and has significant morbidity and mortality implications. Mineral and bone disorders are common in CKD and are now collectively referred to as CKD- mineral and bone disorder (MBD). These abnormalities begin to appear even in early stages of CKD and contribute to the pathogenesis of renal osteodystrophy. Alteration in vitamin D metabolism is one of the key features of CKD-MBD that has major clinical and research implications. This review focuses on biology, epidemiology and management aspects of these alterations in vitamin D metabolism as they relate to skeletal aspects of CKD-MBD in adult humans.
    02/2014; 3:498. DOI:10.1038/bonekey.2013.232

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 3, 2014