Article

[Dissociative symptoms in patients with mood and anxiety disorders].

Dipartimento di Scienze Psichiatriche e Medicina Psicologica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Polo Pontino.
Rivista di Psichiatria (Impact Factor: 0.2). 45(4):234-43.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of dissociative symptoms in outpatients affected by mood or anxiety disorder and their potential implication in general psychopathology and treatment response.
The sample was recruited at Italian and Spanish psychiatric outpatient services. The sample consisted in 40 (13 Male, 27 Female) outpatients, 22 Italians (55%) and 18 Spanish (45%). Inclusion criteria were the Axis I diagnosis of any DSM-IV-TR mood or anxiety disorder and Clinical Global Impression/Global Severity Index (CGI) baseline scores > or = 3 and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) baseline scores > or = 18. General psychopathology, dissociative symptoms and personality traits were respectively assessed by the self-report symptom inventory Symptom Check-List 90 (SCL-90), the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES) and the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI).
Dissociative symptoms emerged as relatively frequent in mood and anxiety disorders. Globally, depression symptoms seem to correlate positively with the dissociative experiences and the severity of global psychopathology. Dissociative symptoms seem to correlate positively with some personality traits and the severity of global psychopathology and should receive further investigation in clinical practice, as might be a predictor of poor response to conventional drug treatment.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
66 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The dissociative disorders, including "psychogenic" or "functional" amnesia, fugue, dissociative identity disorder (DID, also known as multiple personality disorder), and depersonalization disorder, were once classified, along with conversion disorder, as forms of hysteria. The 1970s witnessed an "epidemic" of dissociative disorder, particularly DID, which may have reflected enthusiasm for the diagnosis more than its actual prevalence. Traditionally, the dissociative disorders have been attributed to trauma and other psychological stress, but the existing evidence favoring this hypothesis is plagued by poor methodology. Prospective studies of traumatized individuals reveal no convincing cases of amnesia not attributable to brain insult, injury, or disease. Treatment generally involves recovering and working through ostensibly repressed or dissociated memories of trauma; at present, there are few quantitative or controlled outcome studies. Experimental studies are few in number and have focused largely on state-dependent and implicit memory. Depersonalization disorder may be in line for the next "epidemic" of dissociation.
    Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 02/2005; 1:227-53. · 12.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There have been no previous general population studies on the stability of dissociative symptoms. The aim of this study was to examine the course of and the changes in dissociative symptoms and factors associated with these changes during a 3-year follow-up of a Finnish general population sample. The general population sample included a cohort of 1497 subjects. Dissociative symptoms were assessed with the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and the DES-taxon (DES-T). Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation were measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The sample was categorized into low dissociators with DES scores less than 20 and high dissociators with DES scores of 20 or more. At baseline, 98 subjects were high dissociators. On follow-up, 28 of them were still high dissociators, whereas among 70 subjects, the DES score declined below the cutoff score. During the follow-up period, 28 of 1399 subjects became new high dissociators, and constantly low dissociators consisted of 1371 of 1399 subjects. Dissociative taxon membership was detected in 39 subjects either at baseline or at follow-up, but only 4 of them met the criteria at both assessments. Stable high dissociation was associated with an increase in the BDI score on follow-up, baseline suicidal ideation, a younger age, a reduced working ability, and smoking. Risk factors for becoming a new high dissociator were an increase in the BDI score, a younger age at baseline, and a reduced working ability. Among the baseline high dissociators, recovery from high dissociation was associated with a decline in the BDI score at follow-up and with no suicidal thoughts, older age, and a good working ability at baseline. Only a small proportion of the general population had constantly high levels of dissociative symptoms. The stability of dissociative taxon membership was weaker than the stability of the continuous variables of dissociation. The dissociative experiences had a tendency to change, and these changes were associated with changes in the BDI scores. Further studies are needed to reveal the factors associated with the changes in dissociative symptoms.
    Comprehensive Psychiatry 05/2008; 49(3):269-74. · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A group of 135 inpatients with dissociative identity disorder was followed for 2 years to monitor treatment outcome. Fifty-four of the patients were located and reassessed after a 2-year period through the use of the same self-report measures and structured clinical interviews that had been initially administered. The patients showed marked improvement on Schneiderian first-rank symptoms, mood and anxiety disorders, dissociative symptoms, and somatization, with a significant decrease in the number of psychiatric medications prescribed. Patients who were treated to integration were significantly more improved than those who had not yet reached integration. These findings, although preliminary, provide empirical validation of previous clinical impressions that patients with dissociative identity disorder may respond well to treatment.
    American Journal of Psychiatry 07/1997; 154(6):832-9. · 14.72 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
11 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014

Quartini Adele