Subwavelength film sensing based on terahertz anti-resonant reflecting hollow waveguides.

Institute of Electro-Optical Science and Engineering and Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 70101, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.53). 08/2010; 18(18):19353-60. DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.019353
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A simple dielectric hollow-tube has been experimentally demonstrated at terahertz range for bio-molecular layer sensing based on the anti-resonant reflecting wave-guidance mechanism. We experimentally study the dependence of thin-film detection sensitivity on the optical geometrical parameters of tubes, different thicknesses and tube wall refractive indices, and on different resonant frequencies. A polypropylene hollow-tube with optimized sensitivity of 0.003 mm/μm is used to sense a subwavelength-thick (λ/225) carboxypolymethylene molecular overlayer on the tube's inner surface, and the minimum detectable quantity of molecules could be down to 1.22 picomole/mm(2). A double-layered Fabry-Pérot model is proposed for calculating the overlayer thicknesses, which agrees well with the experimental results.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper a flexible hollow core waveguide for the terahertz spectral range is demonstrated. Its cladding is composed of a circular arrangement of dielectric tubes surrounded by a heat-shrink jacket that allows the fiber to be flexible. Characterization of straight samples shows that the hollow core allows the absorption caused by the polymethylmethacrylate tubes of the cladding to be reduced by 31 times at 0.375 THz and 272 times at 0.828 THz with respect to the bulk material, achieving losses of 0.3 and 0.16 dB/cm respectively. Bending loss is also experimentally measured and compared to numerical results. For large bending radii bending loss scales as Rb-2, whereas for small bending radii additional resonances between core and cladding appear. The transmission window bandwidth is also shown to shrink as the bending radius is reduced. An analytical model is proposed to predict and quantify both of these bending effects.
    Optics Express 02/2013; 21(3):3388-3399. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The suitability of a terahertz plasmonic sensor for sensing applications is successfully demonstrated using a hybrid planar waveguide composed of a subwavelength plastic ribbon waveguide and a diffraction metal grating. The subwavelength-confined terahertz plasmons on the hybrid waveguide resonantly reflect from the periodic metal structure under phase-matched conditions and perform resonant transmission dips. The resonant plasmonic frequencies are found to be strongly dependent on the refractive indices and thicknesses of analytes laid on the hybrid planar waveguide. Both plastic films with varying thicknesses and granular analytes in different quantities are successfully identified according to the spectral shifts of resonant dips. An optimal refractive index sensitivity of 261 GHz per refractive index unit is achieved. Within localized and enhanced terahertz plasmonic fields, the minimum detectable optical path difference can be reduced to 2.7 μm corresponding to λ/289, and the minimum detectable amount of analytes in powdered form reaches 17.3 nano-mole/mm<sup>2</sup>. The sensing technique can be used to detect particles in a chemical reaction or monitor pollutants.
    Optics Express 09/2013; 21(18):21087-21096. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We use the mode-matching technique to study parallel-plate waveguide resonant cavities that are filled with a dielectric. We apply the generalized scattering matrix theory to calculate the power transmission through the waveguide-cavities. We compare the analytical results to experimental data to confirm the validity of this approach.
    Optics Express 09/2012; 20(19):21766-72. · 3.53 Impact Factor