Article

In situ and real time monitoring of two-photon polymerization using broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy.

Technology and Applications Center, Newport Corporation, 1791 Deere Avenue, Irvine, CA 92606, USA.
Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.53). 08/2010; 18(18):19219-31. DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.019219
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We demonstrate in situ and real time characterization of two-photon polymerization (TPP) by means of broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy. The same experimental setup based on one femtosecond oscillator is used to perform both TPP and broadband CARS microscopy. We performed in situ imaging with chemical specificity of three-dimensional microstructures fabricated by TPP, and successfully followed the writing process in real time. Broadband CARS microscopy allowed discerning between polymerized and unpolymerized material. Imaging with good vibrational contrast is achieved without causing any damage to the microstructures or undesired polymerization within the sample.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
84 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We use the time-lens concept to demonstrate a new scheme for synchronization of two pulsed light sources for biological imaging. An all fiber, 1064 nm time-lens source is synchronized to a picosecond solid-state Ti: Sapphire mode-locked laser by using the mode-locked laser pulses as the clock. We demonstrate the application of this synchronized source for CARS and SRS imaging by imaging mouse tissues. Synchronized two wavelength pulsed source is a major technical difficulty for CARS and SRS imaging. The time-lens source demonstrated here may provide an all-fiber, user friendly alternative for future SRS imaging.
    Proc SPIE 02/2011;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We compare a coherent Raman imaging modality, broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (BCARS) microscopy, with spontaneous Raman microscopy for quantitative and qualitative assessment of multicomponent pharmaceuticals. Indomethacin was used as a model active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and was analyzed in a tabulated solid dosage form, embedded within commonly used excipients. In comparison with wide-field spontaneous Raman chemical imaging, BCARS acquired images 10X faster, at higher spatiochemical resolution and with spectra of much higher SNR, eliminating the need for multivariate methods to identify chemical components. The significant increase in spatiochemical resolution allowed identification of an unanticipated API phase that was missed by the spontaneous wide-field method and bulk Raman spectroscopy. We confirmed the presence of the unanticipated API phase using confocal spontaneous Raman, which provided spatiochemical resolution similar to BCARS, but at 100X slower acquisition times.
    Analytical Chemistry 07/2013; · 5.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microalgae are extensively researched as potential feedstocks for biofuel production. Energy-rich compounds in microalgae, such as lipids, require efficient characterization techniques to investigate the metabolic pathways and the environmental factors influencing their accumulation. The model green alga Coccomyxa accumulates significant amounts of triacylglycerols (TAGs) under nitrogen depletion (N-depletion). To monitor the growth of TAGs (lipid) in microalgal cells, a study of microalgal cells (Coccomyxa sp. C169) using both spontaneous Raman and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy and microscopy were carried out. Spontaneous Raman spectroscopy was conducted to analyze the components in the algal cells, while CARS was carried out to monitor the distribution of lipid droplets in the cells. Raman signals of carotenoid are greater in control microalgae compared to N-depleted cells. Raman signals of lipid droplets appear after N-depletion and its distribution can be clearly observed in the CARS microscopy. Both spontaneous Raman spectroscopy and CARS microscopy were found to be suitable analysis tools for microalgae.
    Biomedical Optics Express 11/2012; 3(11):2896-906. · 3.50 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from