Inverted Limbs in Fenestrated and Branched Endografts

Vascular Surgery, Hôpital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, France.
Journal of Endovascular Therapy (Impact Factor: 3.35). 10/2010; 17(5):624-30. DOI: 10.1583/10-3078.1
Source: PubMed


To describe our experience with the use of custom-designed branched or fenestrated endoprostheses incorporating an inverted contralateral limb in the bifurcated component.
Retrospective analysis was performed of a prospectively maintained database of all patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair using modular branched or fenestrated devices at a university teaching hospital between January 2004 and February 2010. Of 102 cases, 7 male patients (mean age 69 years) were treated with modular devices that incorporated an inverted contralateral limb in the bifurcated component. Five patients had thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (4 type IV and 1 type II), 1 patient had a pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, and another had type I endoleak from a migrated AneuRx stent-graft. The technique was used primarily because of an existing bifurcated prosthesis (n=5), but in 2 patients without prior open surgery, this technique was needed because of anatomical constraints.
All devices were implanted as planned. There was no mortality. One patient required temporary hemodialysis prior to discharge; another patient developed permanent paraplegia, likely related to extensive aortic coverage. No device migration, component separation, or type I or III endoleaks were detected during a mean follow-up of 25 months, and no reinterventions have been necessary.
The use of an inverted limb in the bifurcated component of modular endografts may allow endovascular treatment in scenarios where there is insufficient space to deploy a standard bifurcated component. This design modification allows an adequate sealing zone between the iliac extension limbs and the bifurcated component.

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