The national Austrian newborn screening program - eight years experience with mass spectrometry. past, present, and future goals.
ABSTRACT the National Austrian Newborn Screening Program for inherited metabolic and endocrinologic disorders was introduced in 1966. The program continuously evolved by expanding the screening panel from phenylketonuria and galactosemia to congenital hypothyroidism, biotinidase deficiency, cystic fibrosis, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In 2002, the introduction of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) substantially increased the number of detectable inborn errors of metabolism and now includes disorders of fatty acid oxidation, organic acidurias and various disorders of amino acid metabolism.
in this study we report our eight years experience with MS/MS in Austria and give an overview of the incidence of diseases, organization, updates on methods and current development and future aspects.
a total of 622,489 newborns were screened by MS/MS for more than 20 diseases in Austria between April 2002 and December 2009. Dried blood spot samples were collected and sent to the National Laboratory for Newborn Screening located at the Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
The resulting overall prevalence of inherited metabolic disorder identified by MS/MS was 1:2855, including 125 newborns with amino acidemias (1:4,980), 46 with organic acidurias (1:13,532), and 47 with fatty acid oxidation disorders (1:13,244).
the introduction of MS/MS technology in Austria significantly increased the detection of inherited metabolic disorders that were previously not covered. A primary goal is the continuous effort by developing second-tier strategies with the inclusion of more specific markers in order to minimize the risk of false-negatives and to improve the positive predictive value of screening results. Early recognition of these disorders enables diagnosis and treatment before the onset of symptoms.
Article: Evaluation and long-term follow-up of infants with inborn errors of metabolism identified in an expanded screening programme.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Newborn screening (NBS) by tandem mass spectrometry started in Galicia (Spain) in 2000. We analyse the results of screening and clinical follow-up of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) detected during 10 years. Our programme basically includes the disorders recommended by the American College of Medical Genetics. Since 2002, blood and urine samples have been collected from every newborn on the 3rd day of life; before then, samples were collected between the 5th and 8th days. Newborns who show abnormal results are referred to the clinical unit for diagnosis and treatment. In these 10 years, NBS has led directly to the identification of 137 IEM cases (one per 2060 newborns, if 35 cases of benign hyperphenylalaninemia are excluded). In addition, 33 false positive results and 10 cases of transitory elevation of biomarkers were identified (making the positive predictive rate 76.11%), and 4 false negative results. The use of urine samples contributed significantly to IEM detection in 44% of cases. Clinical symptoms appeared before positive screening results in nine patients (6.6%), four of them screened between days 5 and 8. The death rate was 2.92%; of the survivors, 95.5% were asymptomatic after a mean observation period of 54 months, and only two had an intellectual/psychomotor development score less than 85. Compared to other studies, a high incidence of type I glutaric aciduria was detected, one in 35,027 newborns. This report highlights the benefits of urine sample collection during screening, and it is the first study on expanded newborn screening results in Spain.Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 12/2011; 104(4):470-5. · 3.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Propionic acidemia or aciduria is an intoxication-type disorder of organic metabolism. Patients deteriorate in times of increased metabolic demand and subsequent catabolism. Metabolic decompensation can manifest with lethargy, vomiting, coma and death if not appropriately treated. On January 28-30, 2011 in Washington, D.C., Children's National Medical Center hosted a group of clinicians, scientists and parental group representatives to design recommendations for acute management of individuals with propionic acidemia. Although many of the recommendations are geared toward the previously undiagnosed neonate, the recommendations for a severely metabolically decompensated individual are applicable to any known patient as well. Initial management is critical for prevention of morbidity and mortality. The following manuscript provides recommendations for initial treatment and evaluation, a discussion of issues concerning transport to a metabolic center (if patient presents to a non-metabolic center), acceleration of management and preparation for discharge.Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 01/2012; 105(1):16-25. · 3.19 Impact Factor