[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT:
Palytoxins are potent marine biotoxins that have recently become endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and are becoming more frequently associated with seafood. Due to their high toxicity, suitable methods to quantify palytoxins are needed. Thus, we developed an indirect sandwich ELISA for palytoxin and 42-hydroxy-palytoxin. An intra-laboratory study demonstrated sensitivity (limit of detection, LOD=1.1 ng/ml; limit of quantitation, LOQ=2.2 ng/ml), accuracy (bias of 2.1%), repeatability (RSDr=6% and 9% for intra- and inter-assay variability, respectively) and specificity: other common marine toxins (okadaic acid, domoic acid, saxitoxin, brevetoxin-3 and yessotoxin) don't cross-react in this assay. It performed well in three different matrices: observed LOQs were 11.0, 9.6, and 2.4 ng/ml for mussel extracts, algal net samples and seawater, respectively, with good accuracy and precision. The LOQ in seafood is 11 µg palytoxin/kg mussel meat, lower than that of the most common detection technique, LC-MS/MS.
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