Are health care providers still smoking? Data from the 2003 and 2006/2007 Tobacco Use Supplement-Current Population Surveys.
ABSTRACT Smoking by health care professionals poses a barrier to interventions with patients. This study reports smoking status changes among health care professionals using the Tobacco Use Supplement-Current Population Surveys (TUS-CPS).
TUS-CPS self-reported smoking status (current, former, and never) identified by occupation (physicians, physician assistants, registered nurses [RNs], licensed practical nurses [LPNs], respiratory therapists, dentists, and dental hygienists), were analyzed for the 2003 (N = 4,095) and 2006/2007 (N = 3,976) cohorts. Quit ratios among U.S. health care professionals were calculated by dividing the number of former smokers by the number of ever-smokers using weighted estimates.
In 2006/2007, LPNs (20.55%) and respiratory therapists (19.28%) had the highest smoking prevalence. Physicians (2.31%), dentists (3.01%), pharmacists (3.25%), and RNs (10.73%) had the lowest prevalence. Data from 2006/2007 indicate that physicians, pharmacists, dentists, and physician assistants had the highest quit ratios; all groups had quit ratios higher than the general public, except LPNs (.52 vs. .46, respectively). Current smoking varied by group but did not significantly decline from 2003 to 2006/2007. The majority of health care professionals were never-smokers.
These data indicate that only 4 health care professional groups met the Healthy People 2010 goal of 12% smoking prevalence. LPNs were the only group with quit ratios lower than the general population. The lack of significant decline in smoking rates among health professionals was similar to the "flat" rate seen among adults in the United States. This is of concern as smoking among health care professionals limits their interventions with smokers and their involvement in tobacco control.
- SourceAvailable from: Raoul Walsh
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "), the prevalence of smoking among nursing students was higher than proportions reported in a 1990 study of Australian medical students: Year 1, 11.8% and Year 5, 13.7% (Richmond & Kehoe, 1997). This observation parallels the finding that, among healthcare professional, nurses continue to be the group with the highest smoking rates (Percival, Bialous, Chan, & Sarna, 2003). As reported in most previous studies of nursing students (Lenz, 2008), the great majority of daily smokers among nursing subjects (88%) reported they smoked daily before initiating their studies. "
ABSTRACT: This study identified major challenges to be addressed before student nurses can achieve their full potential in providing effective and comprehensive smoking cessation interventions. Smoking behaviors were assessed among undergraduate nursing students. In addition, students' attitudes, confidence levels, and support for extra training in tobacco control were examined. A nonprobability sample of 381 students at an Australian university was surveyed. The consent rate was 81%. Prevalence of current smoking was 21%. In the regression analysis, age group was the only statistically significant predictor of smoking status. Over one third (36%) did not endorse the nonsmoking exemplar role of their future profession. Most (60%) did not support the concept of routine smoking cessation intervention. Students who were smokers had significantly higher tobacco control confidence levels than nonsmokers. Smoking-related variables did not differ between students in different years of the course. Improved tobacco control training is needed at undergraduate level.Journal of Addictions Nursing 10/2012; 23(3):181-190. DOI:10.1097/JAN.0b013e31826f4b83 · 0.34 Impact Factor
- Journal of Clinical Nursing 07/2011; 20(13-14):2087-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03655.x · 1.23 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine baseline prevalence of health behaviors and chronic health conditions in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) employees and highlight disparities by occupation group. There were 29,834 responses to the survey. Age-standardized prevalence estimates for VHA employees were compared to national estimates from BRFSS surveys. The VHA estimates were analyzed for physicians and dentists; physician assistants and nurse practitioners; registered nurses; licensed practical nurses and nursing assistants; other clinical; nonclinical; and wage grade staff. Multilevel regression explored the effect of worksite. The VHA employees have higher rates of unhealthy behaviors and chronic health conditions than US adults, except for smoking. Results illustrated significant disparities between occupation groups by demographics and variability by worksite. Veterans Health Administration's population appears less healthy than the US general population. Disparities between occupation groups support the establishment of targeted health promotion programs, with attention paid to differences in local culture.Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 09/2011; 53(10):1134-45. DOI:10.1097/JOM.0b013e31822b8379 · 1.80 Impact Factor