Article

Transcription factor GABP/NRF-2 controlling biogenesis of mitochondria regulates basal expression of peroxiredoxin V but the mitochondrial function of peroxiredoxin V is dispensable in the dog

Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tikhorestkii Avenue 4, 194064 St. Petersburg, Russia.
Biochimie (Impact Factor: 3.12). 10/2010; 93(2):306-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2010.10.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) represent a conserved family of six antioxidant proteins which are widely expressed in different organisms. Human PRDX5 is detected in the cytosol and nucleus and can also target peroxisomes and mitochondria. However, it remains unknown if mitochondrial localization of PRDX5 is essential for its functions. Here we studied whether the known regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis, transcription factor GABP/NRF-2, is required for the basal expression of the human PRDX5 gene and what the significance is of the mitochondrial targeting of the PRDX5 protein. It was found that mutation-mediated inactivation of all potential binding sites for GAPB in the PRDX5 promoter lead to ∼80% inhibition of its basal activity in a reporter gene assay. Co-transfection of plasmids expressing GABP-alpha and GABP-beta stimulated activity of the non-mutated PRDX5 promoter but had no effect on the mutated promoter, suggesting that basal expression of the human PRDX5 gene is regulated by GABP. We found that the dog c-Myc-tagged PRDX5 did not target the mitochondria of human cells. Endogenously expressed PRDX5 also showed no association with mitochondria in the dog cells. It appears, therefore, that during evolution the dog PRDX5 gene lost its upstream ATG codon and mitochondrial targeting signal without major functional consequences.

0 Followers
 · 
107 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The microRNA (miR) -200s and their negative regulator ZEB1 have been extensively studied in the context of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Loss of miR-200s has been shown to enhance cancer aggressiveness and metastasis, whereas replacement of miR-200 miRNAs has been shown to inhibit cell growth in several types of tumors, including lung cancer. Here, we reveal a novel function of miR-200c, a member of the miR-200 family, in regulating intracellular reactive oxygen species signaling and explore a potential application for its use in combination with therapies known to increase oxidative stress such as radiation. We found that miR-200c overexpression increased cellular radiosensitivity by direct regulation of the oxidative stress response genes PRDX2, GAPB/Nrf2, and SESN1 in ways that inhibits DNA double-strand breaks repair, increase levels of reactive oxygen species, and upregulate p21. We used a lung cancer xenograft model to further demonstrate the therapeutic potential of systemic delivery of miR-200c to enhance radiosensitivity in lung cancer. Our findings suggest that the antitumor effects of miR-200c result partially from its regulation of the oxidative stress response; they further suggest that miR-200c, in combination with radiation, could represent a therapeutic strategy in the future.Molecular Therapy (2014); doi:10.1038/mt.2014.79.
    Molecular Therapy 05/2014; 22(8). DOI:10.1038/mt.2014.79 · 6.43 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Breast Cancer - Carcinogenesis, Cell Growth and Signalling Pathways, 11/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-714-7
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In human, the subcellular targeting of peroxiredoxin-5 (PRDX5), a thioredoxin peroxidase, is dependent on the use of multiple alternative transcription start sites and two alternative in-frame translation initiation sites, which determine whether or not the region encoding a mitochondrial targeting sequence (MTS) is translated. In the present study, the abolition of PRDX5 mitochondrial targeting in dog is highlighted and the molecular mechanism underlying the loss of mitochondrial PRDX5 during evolution is examined. Here, we show that the absence of mitochondrial PRDX5 is generalized among the extant canids and that the first events leading to PRDX5 MTS abolition in canids involve a mutation in the more 5' translation initiation codon as well as the appearance of a STOP codon. Furthermore, we found that PRDX5 MTS functionality is maintained in giant panda and northern elephant seal, which are phylogenetically closely related to canids. Also, the functional consequences of the restoration of mitochondrial PRDX5 in dog Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were investigated. The restoration of PRDX5 mitochondrial targeting in MDCK cells, instead of protecting, provokes deleterious effects following peroxide exposure independently of its peroxidase activity, indicating that mitochondrial PRDX5 gains cytotoxic properties under acute oxidative stress in MDCK cells. Altogether our results show that, although mitochondrial PRDX5 cytoprotective function against oxidative stress has been clearly demonstrated in human and rodents, PRDX5 targeting to mitochondria has been evolutionary lost in canids. Moreover, restoration of mitochondrial PRDX5 in dog MDCK cells, instead of conferring protection against peroxide exposure, makes them more vulnerable.
    PLoS ONE 09/2013; 8(9):e72844. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0072844 · 3.53 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
2 Downloads
Available from