Cord blood erythropoietin and interleukin-6 for prediction of intraventricular hemorrhage in the preterm neonate.
ABSTRACT To evaluate cord blood erythropoietin (EPO) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels to predict preterm infants at risk of developing intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH).
Levels of umbilical cord EPO, acid-base status and IL-6 were analyzed in 116 consecutive, preterm newborns (GA at delivery: 29 [23-34 ] weeks) born to mothers who had a clinically indicated amniocentesis to rule out infection. Early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) was diagnosed using symptoms, hematological criteria and blood cultures.
IVH was diagnosed by cranial ultrasounds. The prevalence of IVH in our population was 25% (29/116). There was a direct relationship between cord blood EPO and cord blood IL-6 concentration (r = 0.225, p = 0.014), independent of GA at birth. Elevated cord blood EPO levels (r = 0.182, p = 0.016) and GA at birth (r = -0.236, p = 0.004) remained significant independent factors associated with the risk of IVH, when evaluated with stepwise logistic regression analyses. Cord blood IL-6, pH, and EONS were not associated with IVH. These relationships remained following correction for GA at birth (p = 0.027).
Our results suggest that elevation in cord blood EPO may predict newborns at risk for IVH, independent of fetal inflammatory status. Further studies are warranted to confirm this association.