Article

Hydatid cyst of the liver which demaged the confluence of the hepatic ducts causing deep obstructive jaundice

Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo 01/2003; DOI:10.2298/SARH0308329C
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Complications of the hydatid cyst of the liver on bile ducts appear in 5-25% representing almost two third of all complications of the hydatid liver cysts. Fortunately a damage to the bile ducts causes only an infection of the cyst usually without major consequences. More serious complications such as cholangitis and deep obstructive jaundice are much rarer. The defect of the bile duct usually is a periferal one. Damage to the major ducts are rarer and those on the confluence of hepatic ducts itself are the rarity. In that case biliary reconstruction may be a serious chalenge. The authors present a 23 year-old man in whom a centrally localised hydatid cyst made a major damage of the confluence of all three hepatic ducts causing deep obstructive jaundice. After standard procedure for hydatid cyst an intracavital mucosa to mucosa hepaticoje-junostomy was carried out with excellent success. More then six years after surgery the patient stayed symptom-free with bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase within normal limits.

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    ABSTRACT: In four patients, acute cholangitis was found to result from a ruptured hydatid cyst. In three patients, the diagnosis was established before operation by ultrasonography, and the fourth case was diagnosed during operation. Once the diagnosis of cholangitis is reached, our working policy includes administration of antibiotics and fluids, accelerated diagnostic workup, and operation as soon as possible. Our suggested operative procedure is cholecystectomy, choledochotomy, choledochoduodenostomy, and removal of the echinococcal cyst. In all four cases treated by us, there were no deaths, and only one patient who did not undergo removal of the echinococcal cyst at the initial operation needed a second operation 2 months later.
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