TDP-43 physically interacts with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-linked mutant CuZn superoxide dismutase.
ABSTRACT Mutations in the CuZn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) genes are linked to familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ALS1 and ALS10, respectively. In addition, TDP-43 is a major component protein of the ubiquitinated aggregates observed in sporadic ALS (SALS) patients. However, it remains unclear whether these ALS groups partly have a shared pathogenesis. In the present study, we demonstrate that mutant SOD1, but not wild-type SOD1, interacts with TDP-43 by co-immunoprecipitation assays using cultured cells and G93A mutant SOD1 transgenic mice. The region responsible for this interaction within SOD1 is the dimer interface, namely, the N- and C-terminal regions. Deletion mutants of TDP-43 with or without nuclear localization sequence interacted with mutant SOD1. Cell fractionation assays using cultured cells showed that mutant SOD1 was localized in the cytosolic fraction but not in the nuclear fraction. TDP-43 was detected both in the nuclear and cytosolic fractions, suggesting that mutant SOD1 interacts with TDP-43 in the cytoplasm. Mutant SOD1 overexpression led to an increased amount of mutant SOD1 and, to some extent, its interacting proteins including TDP-43 in the detergent-insoluble fraction. These results indicate that mutant SOD1 could affect the solubility/insolubility of its interacting proteins including TDP-43 through physical interactions. Our findings may contribute to the understanding of links among SALS, ALS1 and ALS10.
Article: Cellular model of TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) aggregation based on its C-terminal Gln/Asn-rich region.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: TDP-43 is one of the major components of the neuronal and glial inclusions observed in several neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. These characteristic aggregates are a "landmark" of the disease, but their role in the pathogenesis is still obscure. In previous works, we have shown that the C-terminal Gln/Asn-rich region (residues 321-366) of TDP-43 is involved in the interaction of this protein with other members of the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein protein family. Furthermore, we have shown that the interaction through this region is important for TDP-43 splicing inhibition of cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator exon 9, and there were indications that it was involved in the aggregation process. Our experiments show that in cell lines and primary rat neuronal cultures, the introduction of tandem repeats carrying the 331-369-residue Gln/Asn region from TDP-43 can trigger the formation of phosphorylated and ubiquitinated aggregates that recapitulate many but not all the characteristics observed in patients. These results establish a much needed cell-based TDP-43 aggregation model useful to investigate the mechanisms involved in the formation of inclusions and the gain- and loss-of-function consequences of TDP-43 aggregation within cells. In addition, it will be a powerful tool to test novel therapeutic strategies/effectors aimed at preventing/reducing this phenomenon.Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2012; 287(10):7512-25. · 4.77 Impact Factor