Acute superior mesenteric artery syndrome and pancreatitis in anorexia nervosa.
ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to describe the presentation and clinical management of a patient with anorexia nervosa complicated by superior mesenteric artery syndrome and pancreatitis, and discuss the association between these conditions.
We present a case report and briefly review the relevant literature.
A 17-year-old girl with undiagnosed anorexia nervosa presented acutely with abdominal symptoms and vomiting. After numerous investigations, she was diagnosed with the rare condition of superior mesenteric artery syndrome and pancreatitis, leading to a prolonged hospital admission and management on both an acute medical/surgical ward and an eating disorders unit.
Anorexia nervosa has been associated with superior mesenteric artery syndrome and pancreatitis. Clinical awareness of these conditions can result in prompt diagnosis and optimal management of these patients.
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Article: An unusual cause of abdominal pain.Gastroenterology and hepatology from bed to bench. 01/2015; 8(1):77-80.
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ABSTRACT: Gastric complications as: constipation, abdominal pains, disturbances of motor function of the digestive tract, and elevated liver function test are frequent in the course of anorexia nervosa (AN). Usually they are relieved with body mass restoration. Urgent surgical complications in AN are very rare. We report a case of mechanical ileus in a patient with AN. The current disease and its treatment (risperidon) as well as intraoperatively diagnosed congenital defect (intestinal malrotation) probably contributed to the occurrence of this severe complication.Pediatria polska 09/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Background/Aim:The role of diet as the cause of acute pancreatitis (AP) has been suggested. The aim of the current review was to determine if there exists sufficient evidence linking nutrition, or the lack of it, to the pathogenesis of AP.Patients and Methods:A systematic search of the scientific literature was carried out using Embase, PubMed, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for the years 1965 - 2011 to obtain access to studies involving dietary factors and the pathogenesis of AP.Results:A total of 17 studies were identified describing diet and AP. These included 12 human and 5 animal studies. 8 reports were found to link malnutrition and/or refeeding to the pathogenesis of AP. Two studies found an increased consumption of fats and proteins in patients with alcohol-related AP while 1 study noted a lesser intake of carbohydrate in patients. However, none of these differences attained statistical significance. A recent prospective case-control study found a significantly higher risk for AP amongst patients eating par-boiled rice and fresh water fish.Conclusions:Evidence from literature does not appear to support the role of diet as a single bolus meal as a cause for AP. Prolonged consumption of diets rich in proteins and fats may work synergistically with gallstones / alcohol to trigger an attack of AP indicating a possible role of diet as a cofactor in the development of AP possibly by lowering the threshold needed by these other agents to lead to the attack of AP.Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2012; 18(5):310. · 1.22 Impact FactorThis article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.