One-carbon metabolism alteration affects brain proteome profile in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.
ABSTRACT Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD) can be associated to high homocysteine level and alteration of one-carbon metabolism. We previously demonstrated in the TgCRND8 mice strain, over-expressing human amyloid-β protein precursor, that B vitamin deficiency causes alteration of one-carbon metabolism, together with unbalance of S-adenosylmethionine/S-adenosylhomocysteine levels, and is associated with AD like hallmarks as increased amyloid-β plaque deposition, hyperhomocysteinemia, and oxidative stress. The same model of nutritional deficit was used here to study the variation of the brain protein expression profile associated to B vitamin deficiency. A group of proteins mainly involved in neuronal plasticity and mitochondrial functions was identified as modulated by one-carbon metabolism. These findings are consistent with increasing data about the pivotal role of mitochondrial abnormalities in AD patho-physiology. The identified proteins might represent new potential biomarkers of LOAD to be further investigated.