Fungicide sensitivity of selected Verticillium fungicola isolates from Agaricus bisporus farms

Archives of Biological Sciences 01/2008; DOI: 10.2298/ABS0801151P
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Five isolates of Verticillium fungicola, isolated from diseased fruiting bodies of Agaricus bisporus collected from mushroom farms in Serbia during 2002-2003, were studied. By observing their colony morphology under different growth conditions and their pathogenic characteristics, the isolates were identified as V. fungicola var. fungicola. The peat/lime casing was the primary source of infection. Testing of sensitivity to selected fungicides showed that all isolates were highly resistant to benomyl (EC50 values were higher than 200.00 mg/l), moderately sensitive to iprodione (EC50 values were between 11.93 and 22.80 mg/l), and highly sensitive to prochloraz-Mn (EC50 values were less than 3.00 mg/l).

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    ABSTRACT: Symptoms of brown blotch were observed on cultivated Agaricus bisporus on several mushroom farms in Serbia. Subsequently, samples were collected from nine localities during 2006–2010 and fluorescent Gram-negative bacterial strains were isolated. All strains caused sunken brown lesions on A. bisporus tissue blocks after artificial inoculation. Isolated strains showed the LOPAT characteristics of the group Va being negative for levan production; the ability to produce a hypersensitivity reaction in tobacco; were oxidase and arginine dihydrolase positive; and lacked pectolytic activity. The results from other tests were as follows: oxidative metabolism of glucose; catalase activity positive; aesculin hydrolisis negative; Tween 80 hydrolysis positive; casein hydrolysis positive; gelatine hydrolysis and nitrate reduction negative; mannitol, erythritol, sorbitol, inositol and trehalose were used as a carbon source but not sucrose, arabinose and D(-) tartrate. Based on these features bacterial strains were identified as Pseudomonas tolaasii. The identity of isolated strains was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. This is the first report of P. tolaasii in Serbia.
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