Foreign Capital and Economic Growth

Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 02/2007; 75(2007-1).
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT Nonindustrial countries that have relied more on foreign finance have not grown faster in the long run as standard theoretical models predict. The reason may lie in these countries’ limited ability to absorb foreign capital, especially because their financial systems have difficulty allocating it to productive uses, and because their currencies are prone to appreciation (and often overvaluation) when such inflows occur. The current anomaly of poor countries financing rich countries may not really hurt the former’s growth, at least conditional on their existing institutional and financial structures. Our results do not imply that foreign finance has no role in development or that all types of capital naturally flow “uphill.” Indeed, the patterns associated with foreign direct investment flows have generally been more consistent with theoretical predictions. However, we find no evidence that providing financing in excess of domestic saving is the channel through which financial integration delivers its benefits.

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    ABSTRACT: Finance is generally regarded as important for economic growth, but the role of finance in economic growth is a controversial issue in the economic literature. The concept of “finance for growth” refocuses the relationship between finance and economic growth by redirecting the role of government policies in finance, and recognizes how finance without frontiers is changing what government policies can do and achieve. The focus of this paper is not to join the debate, nor to analyse the impact of financial development on economic growth, but to discuss the concept of “finance for growth” within the context of emerging and developing economies. The increasing development needs of Emerging Market Economies (EMEs) to raise per capita income, reduce unemployment rate, construct and maintain basic infrastructure, and invest more in human capital, make the role of finance for growth in these economies indispensable. The paper reviews the financial policies in selected EMEs including: China, South Africa and Nigeria and attempts to situate the Nigerian economy among the EMEs within the context of Finance for Growth. The paper notes that financial policies designed in various EMEs had the similar goal of making the financial system to provide key financial functions. However, large differences exist in the efficiency of the financial system in each country. The paper found that what matters to economic growth is access to financial services or financial inclusion and not which sector supplies the funds. The paper suggests appropriate policy options to build confidence in the Nigerian financial system.
    Asian Development Policy Review. 08/2014; 2(2):20-38.
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    ABSTRACT: We examine the effects that a country’s net capital flows have on the (border) prices that a country pays for its imports of goods. Using data from 2000 to 2009 for 11 euro area countries we utilize a pricing-to-market specification to study exporters’ pricing behavior to the rest of the countries in the sample, at the industry level, for 900 goods disseminated at the 4- digit Standard International Trade Classification (SITC- revision 3) level. This allows us to construct a panel dataset which contains observations across exporters, importers, industries and time, ending up with a total of 594,327 observations. We find a strong influence of the importing country’s net capital inflows on the border prices of its imports of goods. This result is robust across different specifications of the underlying model, as well to different sample dis-aggregations across types of capital flows, product categories, and exporters.
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May 28, 2014